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2015年5月9日北京學位英語考試真題答案

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參與討論2015年5月9日北京學位英語考試真題及答案

北京地區成人本科學士學位英語統一考試

2015.05.09

Part I Reading Comprehension (30%)

Directions: There are three passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D, You should decide on the best choice and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

Passage 1

Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage:

Babies who are breast-fed may be more likely to be successful in life, a new study published Tuesday suggests. The study followed more than 3,000 babies into adulthood in Brazil. The researchers found those who were breast-fed scored slightly higher in intelligence tests in their 30s, stayed in school longer and earned more money than those who were given formula(配方奶粉).

“Breast-feeding not only has short-term benefits, but also breast-feeding has long-term benefits, "says Bernardo Lessa Horta of the Federal University of Pelotas in Brazil, who led the study being published in The Lancet Global Health.

(76) Doctors have long known that breast-feeding can be good for a baby's health. This is especially true in poor countries, where water can be contaminated. For instance, a baby given formula in developing countries is 14 times more likely to die in the first six months than one who's breast-fed. In the U.S., some research has suggested that breast-feeding may raise a baby's IQ(智商)by a few points. But a recent study with siblings(兄弟姐妹)found little advantage to breast-feeding.

Horta says these previous studies didn't follow children into adulthood to see if breast-feeding had long-term effects. So Horta analyzed data collected from 3,493 volunteers he and his colleagues have been following since birth. They are now in their 30s. First, the researchers gave the subjects IQ tests. Those who were breast-fed for 12 months or more had IQ test scores that were 3.76 points higher than those who were breast-fed for less than one month, the team found.

When Horta and his colleagues looked at how much education the subjects had gotten and how much money they were making, they also found a clear difference: Those who were breast-fed the longest stayed in school for about an extra year and had monthly salaries that were about a third higher.

1. From the passage, we learn that Horta_______________ .

A. is from Brazil

B. conducts his research in the U.S.

C. has 30 researchers on his team

D. is well-known in developing countries

2. Which of the following about those who were breast-fed is NOT mentioned?

A. They stayed longer in school B. They were happier

C. They were smarter D. They made more money

3. Which of the following is TRUE?

A. Doctors don't understand the benefits of breast-feeding.

B. Horta is concerned with water contamination in poor countries.

C. Horta's research project lasted about 30 years

D. Breast-feeding is the only way to improve a baby's health

4. The word contaminated in Paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to____.

A. finished B. interested C. cleared D. polluted

5. Which of the following is an appropriate title for this passage?

A. Researchers Have Pointed Out the Disadvantages of Breast-feeding

B. Researchers Have Found Out the Shortcomings of Formula

C. Breast-feeding Improves Chances of Success

D. Breast-feeding Benefits Both Mother and Baby

Passage 2

Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage:

Maggie Walker was born in 1867 in Richmond, Virginia. Her mother was once a slave in a rich woman's house. When Maggie was very young, a thief killed her father. Her family was impoverished, so Maggie's mother started doing laundry in her home. Maggie had to help her. She washed clothes every day, but she continued to go to school. She was a very good student, especially in math.

After Maggie graduated from high school, she got a job as a teacher. In 1886, she married Armistead Walker. They had two sons and Maggie stayed home to care for them. She also volunteered to help a social organization called the Order of St. Luke. This organization helped African Americans take care of the sick and bury the dead. Maggie Walker loved the work of the organization. The organization believed that African Americans should take care of each other.

Over the years, Maggie Walker had more and more responsibilities with the organization. In 1895, she suggested that St. Luke begin a program for young people. (77) This program became very popular with schoolchildren. In 1899, Walk became Grand Secretary Treasurer of the St. Luke organization. However, because she was a woman, she received less than half the salary of the man who had the job before her.

The Order of St. Luke had a lot of financial difficulties when Walker took over. It had a lot of unpaid bills and only $31.61 in the bank. But soon Maggie Walker changed all of that. (78) Her idea was to get new members to join the Organization. In just a few years, it grew from 3,400 members to 50,000 members. The organization bought a $100,000 office building and increased its staff to 55. Now Walker was ready for her next big step.

6. Maggie's father died____________.

A. when she finished high school

B. before she was born

C. when she was very young

D. after she got married

7. Which of the following is NOT TRUE?

A. Maggie had two children.

B. Maggie was once a slave.

C. Maggie was good at math.

D. Maggie taught for a while.

8. Which of the following is TRUE?

A. Maggie loved to help other African Americans.

B. Maggie was very popular with school teachers.

C. Maggie was the founder of the Order of St. Luke.

D. Maggie was better paid than men as Grand Secretary Treasurer.

9. The word impoverished in Paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to _______.

A. difficult B. rich C. famous D. poor

10. After Paragraph 4, the author will probably talk about Maggie's__________________

A. education B. next project C. pay D. childhood

Passage 3

Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:

When Bill de Blasio ran for New York City mayor last year, he promised to end a controversial (有爭議的), citywide cell-phone ban(禁令)in public schools, which is not equally enforced in all schools. Now, under his leadership, the city is preparing to end the ban. It will be replaced by a policy that allows phones inside schools but tells students to keep them packed away during class.

Many schools have a rule about enforcing the ban that says, “If we don't see it, we don't know about it.” That means teachers are OK with students bringing in cell phones, as long as they stay out of sight and inside bags and pockets.

But at the 88 city schools with metal detectors, die ban has been strictly enforced. The detectors were installed to keep weapon out of schools,but the scanners(掃描器)can also detect cell phones. So students at these schools must leave their phones at home or pay someone to store it for them.

The ban was put into place in 2007 under mayor Michael Bloomberg. Ending the ban will also likely end an industry that has sprung up near dozens of the schools that enforce the ban. Workers in vans(廂式貨車)that resemble food tracks store teens' cell phones and Other devices for a dollar a day,

(79) Critics of the ban say cell phones are important safety devices for kids during an emergency. They also say that enforcement of the ban is uneven and discriminatory. Where the ban is enforced, it puts a disadvantage on students who can't afford to pay to store their phones.

Before putting an official end to the cell-phone ban, city education officials are working on creating a new policy. (80) It will include rules about not using the phones during class or to cheat on tests.

11. Which of the following is the main idea of the passage?

A. New York City will give financial aid to poor students.

B. New York City plans to restrict cell phone use in libraries.

C. New York City plans to install metal detectors in all public schools.

D. New York City will soon end a ban on cell phones in schools.

12. Students pay ______ a day to leave their cell phones in a van parked near their school.

A. a dollars B. two dollars C. five dollars D. ten dollars

13. Metal detectors were installed in 88 city schools, mainly to keep _______ out of schools.

A. cell phones B. weapons C. alcohol D. drugs

14. The word discriminatory in Paragraph 5 probably means________.

A. necessary B. tough C. strict D. unfair

15. According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE?

A. After the cell-phone ban is ended, students can use their phones during class.

B. The cell-phone ban is equally enforced in all public schools.

C. The cell-phone ban was put into place in 2008 under Mayor Bill de Blasio.

D. A phone-storage industry has appeared outside the 88 metal-detector campuses.

Part II Vocabulary and Structure (30%)

Directions: In this part there are 30 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then blacken the Corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

16. A: Excuse me, sir. But can you tell me if there is hotel near here?

B: Eh…there is one at the street comer, two blocks away.

A: Thank you very much!

B: _________!

A. Nice to see you! B. Pardon me.

C. You're welcome. D. I agree.

17. It often takes some time for a new couple to________ to each other's was way of life.

A. refer B. listen C. amount D. adjust

18. Milk turns______ easily in the summer, so it is often kept in a refrigerator.

A. sour B. sweet C. bitter D. delicious

19. The Prime Minister had to________________ because he was believed to have done something bad against his people.

A. release B. resign C. reform D. regard

20. Last Sunday when Mr Wang was leaving Beijing for Canada, a number of his friend ______ at the airport.

A. found him out B. put him up

C. knocked him down D. saw him off

21. Bob doesn't work hard________ in school. He is playing all the time!

A. at all B. in all C. after all D. above all

22.1 want to buy a new tie to go______________ this brown suit.

A. into B. with C. after D. by

23. Amy is very afraid of dogs, ______________ ?

A. is she B. dose she C. isn't she D. doesn't she

24. The engine gives___________ smoke and steam.

A. up B. in C. away D. off

25. Please turn the radio____________ . The baby is sleeping.

A. up B. over C. off D. around

26. Frank moved to California last summer and__________________ there since then.

A. has stayed B. stayed C. is staying D. stays

27. The airplane___________ to have sunk to the bottom of Indian Ocean.

A. suppose B. supposes C. has supposed D. is supposed

28. The management have spent the whole day discussing the schedule of the meeting _______ next year.

A. hold B. held C. to hold D. to be held

29. His car got stuck in the mud, so he_____ get off and asked the villager nearby to help.

A. can B. had to C. used to D. may

30. It was__________ winter night and a pale moon hung low in_____ sky.

A. a; a B. the; the C. a; the D. the; a

31. When Jack came in, I________ dinner with my parents.

A. was having B. had C. am having D. have

32. Would you mind____ quiet for a little while? I am doing my course work.

A. keep B. to keep C. kept D. keeping

33. If you had come five minutes earlier, you________ him. It's a pity you were late!

A. would meet B. would have met

C. met D. had met

34. My friend Peter,_____ had been on a visit to America, returned yesterday.

A. which B. that C. who D. whose

35. It takes at least five years to ten years_____ it is possible to test this medicine on human patients.

A. before B. since C. after D. when

36. The man nest door has a good_____________ of going to bed at 10 p.m. every day.

A. habit B. custom C. tradition D. thing

37.1 got the news__________ your call, but thank you just the same.

A. due to B. used to C. senior to D. prior to

38. Alan sold most of his belongings. He has scarcely______ left in the house.

A. everything B. something C. anything D. nothing

39. The president promised to keep all the board members_______ of how the talks were going on.

A. inform B. informing C. be informed D. informed

40. _______ got on the train when it started to move.

A. I rarely had B. Scarcely had I

C. No sooner I had D. No sooner had I

41. It's__________ day and I'd like to go for a walk in the park.

A. so a beautiful B. a so beautiful

C. such beautiful a D. such a beautiful

42. Tom, more than anyone else, ____________ anxious to go there again.

A. are B. were C. is D. being

43. If he__________ to this project, we will not go on to carry it out.

A. will object B. objects C. had objected D. objected

44. It was during his stay in the countryside_________________ he began to learn English.

A. when B. that C. which D. what

45. The destruction of these treasures was a loss for mankind that no amount of money could

A. make up for B. keep up with C. come up with D. put up with

Part III Identification (10%)

Directions: Each of the following sentences has four underlined parts marked A. B. C and D. Identify the one that is not correct. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

46. The teacher had three students in this English speech contest, and all of which won the first prize.

A B C D

47. The war was broken out in 1937, which led to great losses of lives.

A B C D

48. He got to the station in a hurry only be told that the train had just gone.

ABC D

49. According to this morning's news, about two-thirds of the people in this village was made homeless after the storm.

A B C D

50. House prices are more higher in Beijing than in many other places in China.

A B C D

51. I am wondering when does the next train leave for Shanghai.

A B C D

52. He welcomed the new students and then went on to explaining the college rules.

A B C D

53. Yesterday Ted didn't go to school and his brother didn't go, too.

A B C D

54. I try to avoid to go shopping at weekends because the stores are so crowded.

A B C D

55. As they use energy only for motion, a snake can live longer without food than a human being.

A B C D

Part IV Cloze (10%)

Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage, and for each blank there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D at the end of the passage. You should choose ONE answer that best fits into the passage. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

Rowan Torrez will never be able to bear his late(已故的)father tell him that he loves him, but yesterday he 56 received his dad's love in writing, a postcard 57 by his father nearly eight years ago.

On March 7,just days before the two-year anniversary(紀念日)of the 58 of Joseph Torrez, his wife Julie and his ten-year-old son Rowan, received a postcard in the mail from Joseph. The postcard was 59 June 10, 2007. When Joseph Torrez was 60 and working, be would often send postcards to them from 61 places, which he had been to for business 62. And one of them arrived in their mailbox nearly eight years 63 he sent it.

“Hello from Boston, the postcard 64. “I love you and I 65 you so much. See you soon. Love, Daddy."

Rowan and his mother have no 66 how the postcard just showed 67 at their home in Littleton, Colorado. But they are thankful 68 one more gift from Joseph, 69 died on March 13, 2013 from a rare brain disease. Such a disease usually 70 a person after he is sixty years old, 71 Joseph died when he was only forty-one.

The latest postcard is now one of the most 72 gifts that Rowan has received from his father. He will 73 it, adding it to his scrapbook(剪貼簿)74 he keeps all the other postcards from him. They help Rowan 75 his father after losing him at such a young age.

56. A. unexpectedly B. unfortunately C. responsibly D. frequently

57. A. write B. writing C. wrote D. written

58. A. end B. life C. death D. birth

59. A. made B. dated C. making D. dating

60. A. asleep B. alive C. dead D. active

61. A. wealthy B. useful C. different D. practical

62. A. reasons B. scenes C. emotions D. speeds

63. A. when B. before C. since D. after

64. A. reads B. thinks C. reading D. thinking

65. A. think B. trust C. miss D. hate

66. A. method B. way C. Hope D. idea

67. A. out B. up C. away D. off

68. A. in B. with C. for D. on

69. A. who B. whom C. that D. which

70. A. trembles B. steals C. covers D. strikes

71. moreover B. therefore C. but D. and

72. A. careful B. precious C. nervous D. useless

73. A. explain B. vanish C. resist D. treasure

74. A. where B. which C. when D. that

75. A. forget B. surprise C. remember D. receive

Part V Translation (20%)

Section A

Directions: In this part there are Jive sentences which you should translate into Chinese. These sentences are all taken from the 3 passages you have just read in Reading Comprehension. You can refer back to the passages to identify their meanings in the context.

76. Doctors have long known that breast-feeding can be good for a baby's health.

77. This program became very popular with schoolchildren.

78. Her idea was to get new members to join the organization.

79. Critics of the ban say cell phones are important safety devices for kids during an emergency.

80. It will include rules about not using the phones during class or to cheat on tests.

Section B

Directions: In this part there are five sentences in Chinese. You should translate them into English. Be sure to write clearly.

81. 周末,我寧愿待在家里看看書。

82. 這個國家以其美麗的湖泊而聞名于世。

83. 在業余時間里你通常做些什么?

84. 他們理解漢語還有些難度。

85. 你最好穿上夾克,外面冷。

編輯推薦2015年5月9日北京成人本科學士學位英語考試參考答案

北京地區成人本科學士學位英語統一考試參考答案

Part I Reading Comprehension

Passage 1

1-5 ABCDC

Passage 2

6-10 CBADB

Passage 3

11-15 DABDD

Part II Vocabulary and Structure

16-20 CDABD

21-25 ABCDC

26-30 ADDBC

31-35 ADBCA

36-40 ADCDB

41-45 DCBBA

Part III Identification

46-50 CACCB

51-55 CCDBA

Part IV Cloze

56-60ADCBB

61-65 CADAC

66-70 DBCAD

71-75 CBDAC

Part V Translation

Section A

76.長久以來,醫生們就已熟知母乳喂養對嬰兒健康有益。

77. 這個項目很受學校孩子們的歡迎。

78. 她的觀點是吸納新成員加入這個組織。

79. 該禁令的批評者們認為在緊急情況中手機對于孩子們來說是重要的安全設備;

80. 它將包括禁止上課使用手機和在考試中禁止用手機作弊等相關規定。

Section B

81.1 would rather stay at home to read books on the weekend.

82. This country is famous for its beautiful lakes.

83. What do you usually do in your spare time?

84. They have difficulty in understanding Chinese.

85. It is cold outside and you'd better put on a jacket.

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