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2007年11月成人英語三級A卷及答案(1)

2007-11-18 11:01   我要糾錯 | 打印 | 收藏 | | |

  一、閱讀理解

  Passage 1

  Scientists find that hard-working people live longer than average men and women. Career women are healthier than housewives. Evidence shows that the jobless are in poorer health than jobholders. An investigation shows that whenever the unemployment.

  Why is work good for health? It is because work keeps people busy away from loneliness. Researches show that people feel unhappy, worried and lonely when they have nothing to do. Instead, the happiest are those who are busy. (79)Many high achievers who love their careers feel that they are happiest when they are working hard. Work serves as a bridge between man and reality. By work people come into with each other. By collective activity they find friendship and warmth. This is helpful to health. The loss of work means the loss of everything. It affects man spiritually and makes him ill.

  Besides, work gives one a sense of fulfillment and a sense of achievement. Word makes one feel his value and status in society. When a writer finishes his writing or a doctor successfully operates on a patient or a teacher sees his students grow, they are happy beyond words.

  (80)From the above we can come to the conclusion that the more you work the happier and healthier you will be. Let us work hard and study and live a happy and healthy life.

  1.The underlined word “average” in Paragraph I means ______. C

  A. healthy B. lazy C. ordinary D. poor

  2.The reason why housewives are not as healthy as career women is that ______. C

  A.housewives are poorer than career women
  B.housewives have more children than career women
  C.housewives have less chance to communicate with others
  D.housewives eat less food than career women

  3. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to Paragraph 2? D

  A.Busy people have nothing to do at home.
  B.High achievers don't care about their families.
  C.There is no friendship and warmth at home.
  D.A satisfying job helps to keep one healthy.

  4.We can infer from the passage that those who do not work _____. A

  A.are likely to live a shorter life
  B.will lose everything at home
  C.can live as long as those who work
  D.have more time to make new friends

  5.The best title for this passage may be _____. B

  A.People Should Find a Job
  B.Working Hard Is Good for Health
  C.People Should Make More Friends by Work
  D.The Loss of Word Means the Loss of Everything

  Passage 2

  A study of art history might be a good way to learn more about a culture than is possible to learn in general history classes. Most typical history courses concentrate on politics, economics and war. But art history focuses on much more than this because art reflects not only the political values of a people, but also religious beliefs, emotions and psychology. In addition, information about the daily activities of our ancestors can be provided by art. (78)In short, art expresses the essential qualities of a time and a place, and a study of it clearly offers us a deeper understanding than can be found in most history books.

  In history books, objective information about the political life of a country is presented; that is, facts about politics are given, but opinions are not expressed. Art, on the other hand, is subjective(主觀的): it reflects emotions and opinions. The great Spanish painter Francisco Goya was perhaps the first truly “political” artist. In his well-known painting The Third of May, 1808, he criticized the Spanish government for its abuse (濫用) of power over people.

  In the same way, art can reflect a culture's religious beliefs. For hundreds of years in Europe, religious art had been almost the only type of art that existed. Churches and other religious buildings were filled with paintings that described people and stories from the Bible. Although most people couldn't read, they could still understand the Bible stories in the pictures on church walls. By contrast, one of the main characteristics of art in the Middle East was (and still is) its absence of human and animal images. This reflects the Islamic belief that statues (雕像) are not holy.

  6. More can be learned about a culture from a study of art history than general history because ___. C

  A. art history shows us nothing but the political values
  B. general history only focuses on politics
  C. art history gives us an insight (洞察力) into the essential qualities of a time and a place
  D. general history concerns only religious beliefs, emotions and psychology

  7. Art is subjective in that _____. A

  A. a personal and emotional view of history is presented through it
  B. it only reflects people's anger or sadness about social problems
  C. it can easily arouse people's anger about their government
  D. artists were or are religious, who reflect only the religious aspect of the society

  8. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage? C

  A. In history books political views of people are entirely presented.
  B. Francisco Goya expressed his religious belief in his painting The Third of May, 1808
  C. In the Middle East, you can hardly find animal or human figures on palaces or other building.
  D. For centuries in Europe, painters had only painted on walls of churches or other religious buildings.

  9 The passage mainly discusses _____. B

  A. the development of art history
  B. he difference between general history and art history
  C. what we can learn from art
  D. the influence of artists on art history

  10. It can be concluded from the passage that _____. C

  A. Islamic artists only paint images of plants, flowers or objects in their paintings
  B. it is more difficult to study art history than general history
  C. a history teacher must be quite objective
  D. artists painted people or stories from the Bible to hide their political beliefs

  Passage 3

  Blind people can “see” things by using other parts of their bodies. This fact may help us to understand our feelings about color. If blind people can sense color differences, then perhaps we, too, are affected by color unconsciously(無意識地)。

  (76)Manufacturers(生產商)have discovered by experience that sugar sells. Badly in green wrappings, that blue foods are considered unpleasant, and that cosmetics(化妝品)should never be packaged in brown. These discoveries have grown into a branch of color psychology.

  Color psychology now finds application in everything from fashion to decoration. Some of our preferences are clearly psychological. Dark blue is the color of the night sky and therefore associated with calm, while yellow is a day color with associations of energy and incentive(刺激). For a primitive man, activity during the day meant hunting and attacking, while he soon saw red as the color of blood and anger and the heat that came with effort. And green is associated with passive defense and self-protection.

  (77)Experiments have shown that colors, partly because of their psychological associations, also have a direct psychological effect. People exposed to bring red show an increase in breath, in heartbeat and in blood pressure; red is exciting. Similar exposure to pure blue has exactly the opposite effect; it is a calming color. Because of its exciting meaning, red is chosen as the signal for danger, but closer analysis shows that a vivid yellow can produce a more basic state of alarm. So fire engines and ambulances in some advanced communities are now rushing around in bright yellow colors that stop the traffic dead.

  11. Our preferences for certain colors are _______ according to the passage. A

  A. associated with the time of the day
  B. dependent on our personalities
  C. are linked with our ancestors
  D. partly due to psychological factors

  12. If people are exposed to bright red, which of the following things does NOT happen? B

  A. They breathe faster.
  B. They feel satisfied.
  C. Their blood pressure rises.
  D. Their hearts beat faster.

  13. Which of the following statements if NOT true according to the passage? B

  A. Color probably has an effect on us which we are not conscious of.
  B. Yellow fire engines have caused many bad accidents in some advanced communities.
  C. People exposed to pure blue start to breathe more slowly.
  D. The psychology of color is of some practical use.

  14. Which of the following statements if TRUE according to the passage? C

  A. Manufacturers often sell sugar in green wrapping.
  B. Dark blue bring people the feeling of being energetic.
  C. Primitive people associated heat and anger with red.
  D. Green and yellow are associated with calm and passive defense.

  15. Which of the following could be the most suitable title for the passage? D

  A. The Branch of Color Psychology
  B. Color and Its Meanings
  C. The Practical Use of Color Psychology
  D. Color and Feelings.

全文翻譯

  第一篇

  科學家發現,努力工作的人要比普通人的壽命長。有工作的女人要比家庭主婦健康。有證據表明無業者比有工作的人身體要差。一項調查顯示,當失業率增加1%的時候,死亡率就會增加2%.所有這些都說明一點,那就是工作有益健康。

  為什么工作有益健康呢?是因為工作讓人們變得繁忙,從而遠離孤獨。研究表明,當人們無事可做的時候,就會感到不快樂,擔憂和孤獨。相反地,最快樂的人就是那些忙碌的人。那些喜歡他們的工作并取得很高成就的人覺得他們努力工作的時候是最幸福的時候。工作是連接人類和現實的橋梁。人們通過工作與他人接觸,通過集體活動找到友誼和溫暖。這對健康是有好處的。沒有了工作就意味著沒有了一切。失業影響人的精神狀態,從而使人生病。

  另外,工作給人一種責任感和成就感。工作使人感受到自己的價值以及在社會中的地位。當一個作家完成了他的著作,一個醫生成功地對病人做了手術,一個教師看到自己學生的成長,他們的幸福無以言表。

  通過上述情況,我們可以得出這樣一個結論,那就是,你工作的越多,你就會越幸福,越健康。

  第二篇

  藝術史的學習可能是學習文化的一個好的方法,因為他比在普通歷史課堂上學的要多。大多數典型的歷史課程主要關注政治、經濟和戰爭。但是藝術史關注的遠比這個多,因為藝術不僅反映一個人的政治價值,而且也反映出他的宗教信仰、情緒和心理。另外,藝術也能夠提供我們祖先日常行為的信息。簡而言之,藝術傳達了一個時代和一個地區的基本情況,藝術研究提供給我們的理解要比大多數歷史書提供給我們的理解要深刻的多……

  在歷史書中,講述了一個國家政治生活的客觀信息;也就是說,只給出了政治事實,但是并沒有表達觀點。另一方面,藝術是主觀的:它反映了情緒和觀點。偉大的西班牙畫家弗朗西斯科戈雅恐怕是第一個真正地政治藝術家。在他1808年著名的畫作“The Third of May”中,他批評西班牙政府對人們濫用武力。

  同樣,藝術也可以反映一個文化的宗教信仰。 在歐洲,幾百年來,宗教藝術幾乎是唯一的藝術形式。教堂和其他的宗教建筑內充滿了描述圣經人物和圣經故事的畫作。盡管人們不能讀圣經,但是他們仍舊能夠理解教堂墻壁上圖畫描述的圣經故事。于此相對照的是,中東地區藝術的主要特征是人類和動物形象出現在藝術中。這反映了伊斯蘭信仰中雕像不是神圣的。

  第三篇

  盲人可以用身體的其他部位來“看”東西。這種事實可以幫助我們理解我們關于顏色的感覺。如果盲人能夠感知顏色的不同,那么我們可能也無意識地受到了顏色的影響。

  生產商通過經驗發現,綠色包裝的糖賣得不好,藍色的食品被認為是令人不愉快的,化妝品絕不應該用棕色來包裝。這些發現已經成為顏色心理學的一個分支。

  現在發現,顏色心理學應用在從時尚到裝飾的一切事物上。我們的一些喜好很明顯是心理的。深藍色是夜晚天空的顏色,因此和平靜有關,而黃色是白天的顏色,與精力和刺激有關。對一個原始人來說,白天的活動就是打獵和攻擊,而他很快就看到了紅色,這是努力相伴而來的血液和憤怒以及熱量的顏色。而綠色與被動防御以及自我保護相關聯。

  實驗表明,顏色,因為他們與心理學關聯,因此也有一個直接的心理效應。人表現出鮮紅的顏色,表明了呼吸、心跳記憶血壓的增加;紅色是興奮的表現。純藍色的類似表現具有完全相反的影響;它是使人平靜的顏色。紅色因為其有能使人興奮的意義,因此被作為的危險的記號,但是更細的分析表明,生動的黃色能產生更基本的警告的意義。因此,在一些先進的社區,急急趕路的救火車和救護車用鮮艷的黃色阻止交通堵塞。

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