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2003年11月成人三級真題

2006-07-07 15:39   我要糾錯 | 打印 | 收藏 | | |

  試題(A)

  Part I Reading Comprehension (30%)

  Directions: There are three passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C, and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through center.

  Passage 1

  Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage:

  After a busy day of work and play, the body needs to rest. Sleep is necessary for good health. During this time, the body recovers from the activities of the previous day. (76) The rest that you get while sleeping enables your body to prepare itself for the next day.

  There are four levels of sleep, each being a little deeper than the one before. As you sleep, your muscles relax little by little. Your heart beats more slowly, and your brain slows down. After you reach the fourth level, your body shifts back and forth from one level of sleep to the other.

  Although your mind slows down, from time to time you will dream. Scientists who study sleep state that when dreaming occurs, your eyeballs begin to move more quickly (although your eyelids are closed). This stage of sleep is called REM, which stands for rapid eye movement.

  (77)If you have trouble falling asleep, some people recommend breathing very slowly and very deeply. Other people believe that drinking warm milk will help make you drowsy. There is also an old suggestion that counting sheep will put you to sleep!

  1. A good title for this passage is —— .

  A. Sleep B. Good Health C. Dreams D. Work and Rest

  2. The word drowsy in the last paragraph means —— .

  A. sick B. stand up C. asleep D. a little sleepy

  3. This passage suggests that not getting enough sleep might make you ——.

  A. dream more often  B. have poor health

  C. nervous D. breathe quickly

  4. During REM,—— .

  A. your eyes move quickly B. you are restless

  C. you dream D. both A and B

  5. The average number of hours of sleep that an adult needs is—— .

  A. approximately six hours B. about eight hours

  C. around ten hours D. not stated here

  Passage 2

  Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage:

  Obviously television has both advantages and disadvantages.

  (78)In the first place, television is not only a convenient source of entertainment, but also a comparatively cheap one. With a TV set in the family people don't have to pay for expensive seats at the theatre, the cinema, or the opera. All they have to do is to push a button or turn a knob, and they can see plays, films, operas and shows of every kind. Some people, however, think that this is where the danger lies. The television viewers need to nothing. He does not even have to use his legs if he has a remote control. He makes no choice and exercises, no judgment. He is completely passive and has everything presented to him without any effort on his part.

  Television, it is often said, keeps one informed about current events and the latest developments in science and politics. The most distant countries and the strangest customs are brought right into one's sitting room. It could be argued that the radio performs this service as well; but on television everything is much more living, much more real. Yet here again there is a danger. The television screen itself has a terrible, almost physical charm for us. (79)We get so used to looking at the movements on it, so dependent on its pictures, that it begins to control our lives. People are often heard to say that their television sets have broken down and that they have suddenly found that they have far more time to do things and that they have actually begun to talk to each other again. It makes one think, doesn't it?

  There are any other arguments for and against television. We must realize that television itself is neither good nor bad. It is the uses that it is put to that determine its value to society.

  6. What is the major function of paragraph 1?

  A. To arouse the reader's concern

  B. To introduce the theme of the whole passage

  C. To summarize the whole passage

  D. To sate the primary uses of TV

  7. Television, as a source of entertainment, is       .

  A. not very convenient B. very expensive

  C. quite dangerous D. relatively cheap

  8. Why are some people against TV?

  A. Because TV programs are not interesting

  B. Because TV viewers are totally passive

  C. Because TV prices are very high.

  D. Because TV has both advantages and disadvantages

  9. One of the most obvious advantages of TV is that       .

  A. it keeps up informed B. it is very cheap

  C. it enables us to have a rest D. it controls our lives

  10. According to the passage, whether TV is good or not depends on       .

  A. its quality B. people's attitude towards it

  C. how we use it D. when we use it

  Passage 3

  Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:

  Too often young people get themselves employed quite by accident, not knowing what lies in the way of opportunity for promotion, happiness and security. As a result, they are employed doing jobs that afford them little or no satisfaction. (80)Our school leavers face so much competition that they seldom care that they do as long as they can earn a living. Some stay long at a job and learn to like it; others quit form one to another looking for something to suit them. The young graduates who leave the university look for jobs that offer a salary up to their expectation. Very few go out into the world knowing exactly what they want and realizing their own abilities. The reason behind all this confusion is that there never has been a proper vocational guidance in our educational institution. Nearly all grope (摸索) in the dark and their chief concern when they look for a job is to ask what salary is like. They never bother to think whether they are suited for the job or, even more important, whether the job suits them. Having a job is more than merely providing yourself and your dependants with daily bread and some money for leisure and entertainment. It sets a pattern of life and, in many ways, determines social status in life, selection of friends, leisure and interest.

  In choosing a career you should first consider the type of work which will suit your interest. Nothing is more pathetic than taking on a job in which you have no interest, for it will not only discourage your desire to succeed in life but also ruin your talents and ultimately make you an emotional wreck (受到嚴重傷害的人) and a bitter person.

  11. The reason why some people are unlikely to succeed in life is that they       .

  A. have ruined their talents B. have taken on an unsuitable job

  C. think of nothing but their salary D. are not aware of their own potential

  12. The difficulty in choosing a suitable job lies mainly in that       .

  A. much competition has to be faced

  B. many employees have no working experience

  C. the young people only care about how much they can earn

  D. schools fail to offer students appropriate vocational guidance

  13. Which of the following statements is most important according to the passage?

  A. Your job must suit your interest.

  B. Your job must set a pattern of life.

  C. Your job must offer you a high salary.

  D. Your job must not ruin your talents.

  14. The best title for this passage would be       .

  A. What Can A Good Job Offer.    B. Earning A Living

  C. Correct Attitude On Job-hunting    D. How To Choose A Job

  15. The word "pathetic" in Paragraph 2 most probably means       .

  A. splendid B. miserable C. disgusted D. touching

  Part Ⅱ Vocabulary and Structure (30%)

  Directions: In this part there are 30 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

  16. Today books are        to everyone because they are no longer expensive.

  A. available B. preferable C. reliable D. actual

  17. We shall ask for samples        and then we can make our decision.

  A. to be sent B. being sent

  C. to sent D. to have been sent

  18. The forest fire caused by the volcano is difficult to be       .

  A. put off B. put away C. put out D. put up

  19. It was not        midnight that they discovered the children were not in their beds.

  A. before B. at C. after D. until

  20. The girl is not happy at the new school. She has        friends there.

  A. few B. a few C. little D. quite a few

  21. Robots have already        human tasks in the industrial field.

  A. taken on B. taken out C. taken up D. taken over

  22. I can't find the recorder in the room. It        by somebody.

  A. must have taken B. may have taken

  C. may have been taken D. should have been taken

  23. He took the medicine, but it didn't have any       .

  A. answer B. cause C. effect D. work

  24. It is        that over one million Americans now live below the poverty line.

  A. judged B. estimated C. calculated D. considered

  25. He left        an important detail in his account.

  A. off B. over  C. behind D. out

  26. When there are small children around, it is necessary to put bottles of pills out of       .

  A. hand B. hold C. place D. reach

  27. I hadn't seen him for years, but I        his voice on the telephone.

  A. realized B. discovered C. recognized D. heard

  28. This place, originally a small town, has been        into a modern city.

  A. transported B. transferred C. transmitted D. transformed

  29. There was nobody        when we came round the corner.

  A. out of sight B. at sight C. by sight D. in sight

  30. We'll be only too glad to attend your party        we can get a baby-sitter.

  A. so far as B. provided that C. unless D. except that

  31. They couldn't        him of his mistake.

  A. advise B. convince C. persuade D. believe

  32. The old gentleman never fails to help        is in need of his help.

  A. whom B. who C. whoever D. whomever

  33.        under a microscope, a fresh snowflake has a delicate six-pointed shape.

  A. Seeing B. Seen C. To see D. To be seen

  34. "When are you going to visit your uncle in Chicago?"

  "As soon as        our work for tomorrow."

  A. we're complete B. we'd complete C. we'll complete D. we complete

  35. Neither John nor I        able to persuade Richard's grandfather to attend the wedding.

  A. am B. are C. are to be D. is

  36. You ought        the matter to the manager the day before yesterday.

  A. to report B. to have reported C. to reporting D. have reported

  37. We look forward to        to the opening ceremony.

  A. invite B. be invited

  C. having been invited D. being invited

  38. Excuse me, but it is time to have your temperature       .

  A. taking B. taken C. took D. take

  39. I cannot        the truth of your words, although they go against my interests.

  A. but admit B. but admitting

  C. help but to admit D. help but admitting

  40. When I went to visit Mrs. Smith last week, I was told she two days before.

  A. has left B. was leaving C. would leave D. had left

  41. The boat will not arrive        forty-four hours.

  A. in B. at C. for D. by

  42. In winter, animals have a hard time        anything to eat.

  A. to find B. to finding C. to find out D. finding

  43. Since you won't take advice, there is no        in asking for it.

  A. place B. point C. reason D. way

  44.        is know to all, too much smoking will cause lung cancer.

  A. That B. It C. As D. What

  45. They have developed techniques which are        to those used in most factories.

  A. more B. better C. greater D. superior

  Part Ⅲ Identification (10%)

  Directions: Each of the following sentences has four underlined parts marked A, B, C and D. Identify the one that is not correct. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

  46. I'm old enough(A)not to (B)let my troubles to interfere (C)with (D)my work.

  47. It was(A) in the (B)primary school where (C)my teacher introduced me to (D)computers.

  48. Where (A)did the accident in which (B)your friend was hurt (C)took place(D)?

  49. There are(A) twelve people take part in (B)the experiment, four working(C) as a(D) group.

  50. Red and green (A)light, if mixing(B), in (C)the right proportion, will give (D)us yellow.

  51. We strongly (A)suggest that (B)Smith is told (C)about his (D)physical condition as soon as possible.

  52. Nearly three quarters of the surface (A)of the earth are(B) covered with water, and there (C)would be even less land if (D)the polar icecaps were melt.

  53. The seventeenth century was one which (A)many significant advances (B)were made (C)in both (D)science and philosophy.

  54. No  matter  whatever happens(A),  we're  determined to do our best(B) and make (C)the experiment a success.(D)

  55. Let's not (A)waste time on matters of no important(B). We have other vital(C) problems to deal with.(D)

  Part Ⅳ Cloze (10%)

  Directions: there are 20 blanks in the following passage, and for each blank there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D at the end of the passage. You should choose ONE answer that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet whit a single line through the center.

  What do we mean by a perfect English pronunciation? In one  56  there are as many different kinds of English as there are speakers of it.  57  two speakers speak in exactly the same  58 . We can always hear differences  59  them, and the pronunciation of English  60  a great deal in different geographical  61 . How do we decide what sort of English to use as a  62 ? This is not a question that can be  63  in the same way for all foreign learners of English.  64  you live in a part of the world  65  India or West Africa, where there is a long  66  of speaking English for general communication purpose, you should  67  to acquire a good variety of the pronunciation of this area. It would be  68  in these circumstances to use as a model BBC English or  69  of the sort. On the other hand, if you live in a country  70  there is no traditional use of English, you must take  71  your model some form of  72  English pronunciation. It does not  73  very much which form you choose. The most  74  way is to take as your model the sort of English you can  75  most often.

  56. A. meaning B. sense C. case D. situation

  57. A Not B. No C. None D. Nor

  58. A. type B. form C. sort D. way

  59. A. between B. among C. of D. from

  60. A. changes B. varies C. shifts D. alters

  61. A. areas B. parts C. countries D. spaces

  62. A. direction B. guide C. symbol D. model

  63. A. given B. responded C. satisfied D. answered

  64. A. Because B. When C. If D. Whether

  65. A. as B. in C. like D. near

  66. A. custom B. use C. tradition D. habit

  67. A. aim B. propose C. select D. tend

  68. A. fashion B. mistake C. nonsense D. possibility

  69. A. everything B. nothing C. anything D. things

  70. A. where B. that C. which D. wherever

  71. A. to B. with C. on D. as

  72. A. practical B. domestic C. native D. new

  73. A. care B. affect C. trouble D. matter

  74. A. effective B. sensitive C. ordinary D. careful

  75. A. listen B. hear C. notice D. find

  Part Ⅴ Translation (20%)

  Section A

  Directions: In this part there are five sentences which you should translate into Chinese. These sentences are all taken from the 3 passages you have just read in the part of Reading Comprehension. You can refer back to the passages so as to identify their meanings in the context.

  76. The rest that you get while sleeping enables your body to prepare itself for the next day. (Passage 1)

  77. If you have trouble falling asleep, some people recommend breathing very slowly and very deeply. (Passage 1)

  78. In the first place, television is not only a convenient source of entertainment, but also a comparatively cheap one. (Passage 2)

  79. We get so used to looking at the movements on it, so dependent on its pictures, that it begins to control our lives. (Passage 2)

  80. Our school leavers face so much competition that they seldom care what they do as long as they can earn a living. (Passage 3)

  Section B

  Directions: In this part there are five sentences in Chinese. You shculd translate them into English. Be sure to write clearly.

  81.他們試圖想出一個解決這個問題的辦法。

  82.你離開教室時,別忘了關燈。

  83.他喜歡一邊做作業,一邊聽音樂。

  84.我已了解清楚,他的結論是以事實為依據的。

  85.對于年輕人來說,獨立思考問題的能力很重要。

  答案與題解

  1. A文章的第一段談到睡眠能使身體健康,第二段、第三段談到睡眠的

  幾種狀態,最后一段談到很快入睡的幾種方法。因此整篇文章都圍繞

  睡眠而談,因此A為正確答案。

  2. D drowsy:瞌睡的,想睡的。因為上一句的意思是:"如果你睡覺有

  困難的話,有人建議慢慢的深深呼吸。"緊接著作者說:"另外一些人

  認為喝熱牛奶能使你……,根據上下文應該選"瞌睡的",因此只有D

  最符合題意。sick:有病的;stand up:起立。asleep:睡著的。

  3. B  答案在文章的第一段第二句話:  "Sleep is necessary for good

  health."意思是:"睡眠有利于身體健康。"因此本句的意思是睡眠不

  足有害健康。只有B最符合題意。

  4. D答案在第三段第二句話:  "Scientists who study sleep state that

  when dreaming occurs your eyeballs begin to move more quickly."意

  思是:"研究睡眠的科學家指出一個人做夢的時候眼球移動速度加快。"

  因此正確答案為D.

  5. D文章中沒有談到成年人的平均睡眠時間。

  6. B文章的第一段只有一句話:"Obviously television has both advantages

  and disadvantages."意思是:"顯然,電視既有缺點又有優點",緊接著文

  章圍繞著這一主題展開討論。因此本段的作用是引出文章的主題。

  B最符合題意。

  7. D  答案在文章第二段的第二句話:"In the first place,television is

  not only a convenient source of entertainment,but also a comparatively

  cheap one."意思是:"電視不僅是很方便的娛樂的來源,而且相對便

  宜。"因此只有D最符合題意。

  8.B答案在文章的第二段有這樣兩個句子:"some people think that this

  is where the danger lies.""He is completely passive and has everything

  presented to him without any effort On his part."有些人認為電視的危

  險在于觀眾變的被動了。因此B為正確答案。

  9.A答案在第三段的第一句話:"television,it is often said,keeps one

  informed about current events and the latest developments in science

  and politics."電視能使人們了解科學、政治領域里的最新發展。因此

  A最符合題意。

  10.C 答案在文章的最后一句話:"It is the uses that is put to that determine value to society." 意思是:"電視的使用決定它對社會的價值。"因此C正確答案。

  11.B答案可以在最后一段找到:"Nothing is more pathetic than taking

  on a job in which you have no interest,for it will not only discourage

  your desire to succeed in life but also ruin your talents."因此有些人

  事業不成功的原因是選擇了不合適的工作。因此B是正確答案。

  13. A答案在第二段第一句話。  "In choosing a career you should first

  consider the type of work which will suit your interest."選擇職業的

  時候首先要考慮的是這個工作你是否有興趣。"因此A正確答案。

  14.D文章的第一段談到:"年輕人找工作時候的隨意性,因為他們沒有

  經過任何的培訓。"第二段談到:"選擇職業的時候首先考慮的是自己

  是否有興趣。"因此文章的標題應當是:"如何選擇工作"因此D為正

  確答案。

  15.B  miserable:痛苦的。splendid:輝煌的。disgusted:厭惡的。

  touching:接觸的。因此只有B最符合題意。

  16.A  available:可利用的,可獲得的,可到達的。例如:These tickets are

  available for seven days only.這些票有效期只有七天。They tried all

  available means to save the old man.他們想盡了一切辦法來救這位老人。

  本句的意思是:"如今大家都有書了,因為書不再那么貴了。"因此只有

  A的用法符合題意。preferable:更好的,更優越的。reliable:可靠的。actual:

  實際的。

  17.A本句測試非謂語動詞做賓語補足語,因為是將來式,所以用動詞

  不定式做賓補,又因為賓語和賓語補足語之間是邏輯上的動賓關系,

  因此用動詞不定式的被動。本句的意思是:"我們要求把產品的樣品

  送來,然后我們可以做出決定。"

  18.C  本句測試put的短語動詞的用法。put out:撲滅,熄滅(燈)例如:

  They put the fire out with water.他們用水把火撲滅了。put off:推遲,

  延期。Let's put the English Evening off to next week.咱們把英語晚會

  推遲到下周舉行吧。put away:放好,收好。Put away the tea things in

  the cupboard.把茶具放到櫥柜里。put up:舉起,升起。Put up your

  hands if you have any questions.有問題舉手。因此只有C符合題意。本

  句的意思是:"由火山引發的森林火災很難撲滅。"

  19.D本句測試not until:直到……才。本句的意思是:"直到半夜他

  們才發現孩子們不在床上。

  20.A  本句的意思是:"這個女孩在新的學校不高興,因為在那里她幾

  乎沒有朋友。"修飾可數名詞用few,a few表示"有一些",few表示

  "幾乎沒有".因此只有A符合題意。1ittle修飾不可數名詞。

  21.D  本句測試take短語動詞的語法。take over:承擔,接管。

  例如:He wi11 take over his father's business.他將接替他父親的事業。

  本句的意思是:在工業領域里機器人已經取代了人類。take on(雇用)

  They took on a new secretary.他們雇用了一名新秘書。take out:拿 出,取出。

  例如:Please take out a piece of paper,let's have a dictation.請拿出一張紙來,我們開始聽寫。take up:占據(時間、空間)This bookcase take up too much room.這個書架占了太多的空間。

  22.C 本句測試情態動詞+完成時的用法。must+完成時表示對過去已經發生的動作的一種肯定的猜測。should+完成時表示應該做的事情而沒有做。may+完成時表示可能發生的動作。本句的意思是"我在房間里找不到我的錄音機了,可能被別人拿走了。"因此,只有C最符合題意。

  23. C effect:效果,作用。本句話的意思是:"他吃了藥,但是沒有一點作用。"

  24.B  it is estimated that…據估計。本句的意思是:"據估計:大約有一百多萬美國人生活在貧困線以下。"

  25 . D  本句測試leave短語動詞的用法。leave out:遺漏,缺漏。例如:

  The printer has left out two lines from this paragraph.印刷工把這一

  段遺漏了兩行。本句的意思是:"在他的敘述中遺漏掉了重要的細

  節。"因此D最符合題意。leave off.停止,結束。例如:It's time to

  leave off work是下班的時候了。leave over:剩下,省下。例如:

  How much money was left over?還剩多少錢?leave behind:遺留,丟下。例如:The men had all run away, leaving only women and children behind.男人們都跑了,只剩下老年婦女和孩子。

  26.D  out of reach:固定搭配,意思是:"夠不著"本句的意思是:

  "周圍有孩子的時候,一定要把要瓶子放到夠不著的地方。"

  27.C 本句的意思是:"我好多年不見他了,但是在電話中我能辨別出他的聲音。"

  28. D  本句測試四個動詞的辨析。transform:改變,轉變。transform one

  form of energy into another:把一種能變成另一種能。本句的意思是:

  "這個地方,起初是個小城鎮,如今變成了一個座現代化的城市。"因此

  D最符合題意。transport:運送,運輸。transport passengers from Shanghai to Beijing從上海運送乘客到北京。transfer:轉移,轉系。transfer from the army to the navy從陸軍轉到海軍。transfer to another college轉學到另一所學院。transmit:傳輸,傳遞,傳播。

  29. D  in sight:在視線之內,看的見。本句的意思是:"我們轉彎的時

  候,沒有看見任何人。Out of sight在視線之外,看不見。

  30. B  本句測試連詞的用法。provided that:假如,以……為條件,相當

  于if例如:I will come provided that I am well enough.如果我完全 好了我就來。I will lend you my book provided that you keep it clean.只要你保證書的干凈整潔,我就把書借給你。本句的意思是:"如果

  我們能找到保姆的話,我們將非常樂意參加您的宴會。"因此B最符

  合題意。unless:除非,如果不……例如:I shall go there unless it

  rains.如果不下雨我就去。I shall sleep with the windows open unless

  it's really cold.如果天氣不是非常冷的話,我就開著窗戶睡覺。except that:除了……Your  article is quite good except that there are several spelling mistakes.你的文章很好,除了幾個拼寫錯誤。SO(as)far as:(表示程度,范圍)就……,盡……至于……,as far as I know就我所知。as far as possible盡可能。

  31.B  convince sb of sth:使某人確信某事。本句的意思是:"他們不

  能夠使他相信他自己的錯誤。"因此B最符合題意。persuade sb. to dosth勸說某人做某事。

  32.C  本句測試關系代詞引導的賓語從句的用法。whoever引導的賓語

  從句,whoever在從句中做主語。本句的意思是:"這位老年人總是樂于幫助每一個需要幫助的人。"

  33.B  本句測試非謂語動詞的用法。分詞短語做狀語,因為主語和分詞

  之間的關系是動賓關系,因此用過去分詞。

  34.D  本句是測試時態的用法。在時間、條件狀語從句中要用一般現在

  時表示將來。因此本句的正確答案為D.

  35.A  本句測試主謂一致這一語法點。Neither…nor,either…or

  連接主語時,謂語動詞要采取就近原則。例如:Neither Tom nor I

  nor anybody else knows how to do it.不論是你,我或者是其他任何

  人都不知道怎么做。Either John or his friends are to blame for the

  bad results.不是約翰就是他的朋友們要對此不良后果負責。本句的

  意思是:"我和約翰都不能勸說理查得的爺爺參加婚禮。"

  36.B  本句測試情態動詞ought to+完成時,表示應當做的事情而沒有

  做。本句的意思是:"前天你應當向經理匯報這件事情。"因此B為正

  確答案。

  37.D look forward to短語中的to是介詞,因此其后要接動名詞做賓

  語,又根據題意,要用動名詞的被動。本句的意思是:"我們都盼望著

  能被邀請參加開幕式。"

  38.B  固定用法:have sth done:表示這個動作由別人來完成。例如:I

  had my dress mended.我讓人把我的衣服修補好了。They had some

  money saved.他們把這些錢攢了起來。本句的意思是:"對不起,該測體溫了。"

  39.A  cannot but+原形動詞:不得不,必然。例如:He cannot but

  wait.他只好等著。I cannot but agree.我不得不同意。本句的意思

  是:"我不得不承認你的話的真實性,雖然他們違背我的遺愿。"

  40.D  本句測試過去完成時的用法。表示過去的過去。本句的意思是:

  "我上周去拜訪史密斯夫人的時候,有人告訴我說她兩天前就走了。"

  41.A  本句測試介詞in的用法。in:在(一段時問)之后,(用于將來

  時)。例如:I'll be back in a day or two.我過一兩天就會回來。My

  son's birthday is in two week's time.我兒子的生日再過兩周就到了。

  本句的意思是:"這艘船44小時之內不會到。"

  42.D  當have作"有"解釋時,如果后面跟有表達某些情感的名詞如:

  difficulty,trouble,problem,fun,a hard time等通常使用動名詞,實

  際上這種句型是在動名詞前省去了介詞in.例如:Accustomed to

  climbing trees,I had no difficulty reaching the top.因為習慣爬樹了,

  我毫不費力就爬到了最高處。"why were you late?""I had a hard

  time getting up this morning."你為什么又遲到了?因為今天早晨起

  床的時候很費勁。本句的意思是:"冬天,動物很難找到吃的東西。"

  43.B there is no point in doing sth…it is no point in doing sth..,

  做……事情毫無意義。There is no point in doing SO.這樣做毫無意

  義。There is not much point in repairing the old car.那輛舊汽車修

  理也沒有多大用處了。本句的意思是:"既然你不打算聽我的建議,

  要它有什么意義呢?"

  44.C 固定用法as is known to all:眾所周知。本句的意思是:"眾所周

  知,吸煙過多會引起肺癌。又如:"As is known to all,the earth

  moves around the sun.."

  45.D  短語:be superior to:優越于……。又如:"He thinks he is

  superior to us because his father is an important person..  他因為父親是

  大人物,就高人一等。本句的意思是:"他們開發了新的技術,比大

  多數工廠里的都先進。"

  46.C  應改為:interfere,因為let后面要接原形動詞。本句的意思:"我

  年齡大了,不會讓煩惱影響我的工作。"

  47.C  應改為that,強調句型:it is…that.本句的意思是:"是在小

  學,我的老師第一次向我介紹了計算機。"

  48.D  應改為take,過去時的疑問句,前面已經有了助動詞did.本句

  的意思是:"你的朋友受傷了,車禍是在哪發生的?"

  49.B  應改為taking,分詞短語做定語。本句的意思是:"有12個人參,

  加了試驗,4個人一組。"

  50.B  應改為mixed,因為分詞和主語:"red and green light"是動賓

  關系,因此要用過去分詞。本句的意思是:"紅燈、綠燈混合到一起,

  如果比例正確的話,就會變成黃色。"

  51.C  應改為be told,因為是suggest引導的賓語從句,謂語動詞省略了

  should.本句的意思是:"我們強烈建議告訴盡快史密斯先生他的身

  體狀況。"

  52.B  應改為is,因為主語是:"surface",是不可數名詞,所以謂語動

  詞用單數。本句的意思是:"地球幾乎四分之三的表面是水,如果北

  極的冰山融化了的話,陸地就更少了。"

  53.A  應改為when,在定語從句中做狀語。本句的意思:"十七世紀科

  學和哲學領域里發生了許多有意義的進步。"

  54.A  應改為what happen ;,因為no matter what-whatever.本句的

  意思是:"無論發生什么事,我們決心盡力使實驗成功。"

  55.B  應改為matters of no importance, of 后要接名詞。本句意思是:

  "不要把時間浪費在不重要的事情上,我們還有重要的事情去做。"

  56.B  in.no sense:在某種意義上,固定用法。其余幾個詞都不能和in

  搭配。本句的意思是:"在某種意義上,有多少人講英語,就有多少

  種英語。"

  57.B  只有n.后面可以接名詞。

  58.D  in the same Way.固定用法。本句的意思是:"沒有兩個人講的英

  語完全一樣。"

  59.A  difference between them,它們之問的區別。本句的意思是:"我

  們總能聽到他們之間的區別。"

  60.B  vary in在……方面不同。固定用法。

  61.A  in different geographical areas:這里指不同的地理區域英語的發

  音會有很大不同。

  62.D  use as a model,意思是:作為一個范例。本句的意思是:"我們如

  何決定把哪種英語作為范例去學習呢?"

  63.D  因為前面出現一個名詞question,所以可以斷定選D.本句的意思

  是:"對于學英語的人來講這個問題很難回答。"

  64.C根據上下文判斷,需要if引導一個條件狀語從句。本句的意思是:

  "如果你生活在印度或西非這樣的國家。"

  65.A  as:表示列舉。

  66.C  a long tradition of speaking English:這里指講英語的古老的傳統。

  67.C  select:選擇。本句的意思是:"在印度或西非這樣有著講英語的

  古老的傳統的國家里,你應當廣泛學習這里眾多的發音。"

  68.B  根據上下文的意思選B.本句的意思是:"在這樣的環境里如果

  你把BBC或這類的英語當作標準來學習的話,你就錯了。"

  69.C  or anything of this sort:這里指任何諸如此類的。

  70.A  where引導的定語從句。本句的意思是:"如果你生活在沒有講

  英語的傳統的這樣的國家里。"

  71.D  take…as…,把……看做……。本句的意思是:"你必須把一

  些實用的英語的發音當作標準來學習。"

  72.A  some form of practical English pronunciation:這里指有實際用

  途的英語發音。

  73.D  it does not matter…沒有關系。本句的意思是:"選擇哪種形式

  都沒有關系。"

  74.A  the most effective way…最有效發方法。

  75.B  本句的意思是:"最有效的方法是:把你最常聽到的英語作為標

  準來學習。"

  76.翻譯時注意句子的結構。此句是一個含有定語從句和時間狀語從句的

  主從復合句。譯文:睡眠獲得的休息可以使你的身體為第二天的工作

  做準備。

  53

  77.翻譯時注意句子的結構。此句是一個含有條件狀語從句的主從復合

  句。譯文:如果你睡覺有困難的話,有人建議慢慢的深深的呼吸。

  78.翻譯時注意短語:"not only…but also:不僅……而且".譯文:首

  先,電視不僅是一個非常方便的娛樂手段,而且相對來講比較便宜。

  79.翻譯時SO…that:如此……以至于……。譯文:我們如此習慣看電

  視上的動作和畫面,以至于它開始控制我們的生活。

  80.翻譯時注意SO…that:如此……以至于……;what引導的賓語從

  句以及as long as:只要。譯文:我們的畢業生就業面臨著激烈的競

  爭。因此他們找工作的時候什么也不考慮只要能謀生就行。

  81.此句為簡單句。注意短語:come up with:想出。以及介詞和名詞的

  搭配。A solution to the problem.譯文:They are trying to come up

  with a solution to the problem.

  82.此句為含有時間狀語的祈使句。注意短語要用:forget to do sth:表

  示動作還沒有發生。譯文:Don't forget to turn off the lights when

  you leave the classroom.

  83.此句測試while引導的從句的用法。表示一邊……一邊……。譯文:

  He prefers to do his homework while listening to the music.

  84.此句為含有形式賓語的從句。注意:短語be based on…以……為

  基礎。I have made it clear that his conclusion is based on facts.

  85.此句為簡單句。注意短語:the ability tO think independently or to

  think on one's own:獨立思考的能力。譯文:As for the young,the

  ability to think independently is very important.

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