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2004年4月成人三級真題

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  2004年4月北京地區普通高等學校成人教育本科生英語統一考試

  試題(A)

  Part I Reading Comprehension(30%)

  Directions: There are three passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choose and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

  Passage 1

  Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage:

  A youngster's social development has a profound effect on his academic progress Kids who have trouble getting along with their classmates can end up behind academically as well and have a higher chance of dropping out(退學). In the early grades especially, experts say, youngsters should be encouraged to work in groups rather than individually so that teachers can spot children who may be having problems making friends "When children work on a project", says Lillian Kate, an educational professor at the University &Illinois, "they learn to work together, to disagree, to think, to take turns and lighten tensions These skills can't be learned through lecture We all know people who have wonderful technical skills but don't have any social skills Relationships should be the first R".

  At a certain age, children are also learning to judge themselves in relation to others. For most children, school marks the first time that their goals are not set by an internal clock but by the outside world Just as the 1-year-old struggling to walk the 6-year-old is struggling to meet adult expectations "Young kids don't know how to distinguish early-childhood education for the state of New Jersey, "(76) if they try hard to do something and fail. they may conclude that they will never be able to accomplish a particular task". "The effects of serious", says Hills, "a child who has had his confidence really damaged needs a rescue operation".

  1. The author seems to think that a kid's poor relationship with his classmates would        .

  A. have negative effects on his study

  B. develop his individualism but limit his intelligence

  C. eventually lead to his leaving school

  D. have nothing to do with his achievements in a course

  2. In the first paragraph, the word spot means        .

  A. teach B. help C. find D. treat

  3. For most children, school makes them understand        .

  A. that it is society rather than individual that decides one's future

  B. that they can meet the social needs

  C. that one's effort and one's ability can be two quite different matters

  D. that social needs and individual needs have nothing in common

  4. Which of the following is most unlikely for the author to do?

  A. To talk to the students who have mental problems.

  B. To help students develop a feeling of self-respect.

  C. To keep a student from playing alone.

  D. To announce a student's scores in public.

  5. Which of the following is the major concern of the passage about a student's needs?

  A. Individualism and cooperation.

  B. Academic success and independent thinking.

  C. Socialization and feeling of competence.

  D. Intelligence and respect.

  Passage 2

  Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage:

  If the Europeans thought a drought-a long period of dry weather-was something that happened only in Africa, they know better now. After four years of below - normal rainfall (in some cases only 10 percent of annual average), vast areas of France, Spain, Portugal, Belgium, Britain and Ireland are dry and barren(貧瘠).(77) Water is so low in the canals of northern France that waterway traffic is forbidden except on weekends. Oyster(牡蠣)grows in Brittany report a 30 percent drop in production because of the loss of fresh water in local rivers necessary for oyster breeding. In southeastern England, the rolling green hills of Kent have turned so brown that officials have been weighing plans to pipe in water from Wales. In Portugal, farmers in the   southern Alentejo region have held prayer meeting for rain-so far, in vain.

  (78) Governments in drought-spread countries are taking severe measures. Authorities in hard-hit areas of France have banned washing cars and watering lawns. In Britain, water will soon be metered, like gas and electricity, "The English have always taken water for granted," says Graham Warren, a spokesman of Britain's National Rivers Authority. "Now they're putting a price on it." Even a sudden end to the drought would not end the misery in some areas. It will take several years of unusually heavy winter rain, the experts say, just to bring existing water reserves up to their normal levels.

  6. What does the author mean by saying "they know better now?"

  A. They know more about the causes of the drought.

  B. They have a better understanding of the drought in Africa.

  C. They have realized that the drought in Europe is the most serious one.

  D. They have realized that droughts hit not only Africa but also Europe.

  7. The drought in Europe has brought about all the following problems except        .

  A. below-normal rainfall B. difficult navigation

  C. a sharp drop in oyster harvest D. bone-dry hills

  8. The British government intends to        .

  A. forbid the car-washing service

  B. increase the price of the water used

  C. end the misery caused by the drought

  D. charge fees for the use of the water

  9. Which of the following statements is true according to the passage?

  A. Germany is the only country free from the drought

  B. Water reserves are at their lowest level in years due to drought

  C. The drought is more serious in Britain than in France

  D. Europe will not have heavy rain until several years later.

  10. Which of the following is the most appropriate title for the passage?

  A. Europe in Misery B. Drought Attacks Europe

  C. Be Economical With Water D. Europe, a Would-be Africa

  Passage 3

  Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:

  How can we get rid of garbage(垃圾)? Do we have enough energy sources to meet our future energy needs?

  These are two important questions that many people are asking today. Some people think that man might be able to solve both problems at the same time. They suggest using garbage as an energy source, and at the time it can save the land to hold garbage.

  For a long time, people buried garbage or dumped(傾倒)it on empty land. Now, empty land is scarce. But more and more garbage is produced each year. However, garbage can be a good fuel to use. The things in garbage do not look like coal, petroleum, or natural gas; but they are chemically similar to these fossil(化石)fuels. As we use up our fossil-fuel supplies, we might be able to use garbage as an energy source.

  (79) Burning garbage is not a new idea. Some cities in Europe and the United States have been burning garbage for years. The heat that is produced by burning garbage is used to boil water. The steam that is produced is used to make electricity or to heat nearby buildings. In Paris, France, some power plants burn almost 2 million metric tons of the cities garbage each year. The amount of energy produced is about the same as would be produced by burning almost a half million barrels of oil.

  (80) Our fossil fuel supplies are limited. Burning garbage might be one kind of energy source that we can use to help meet our energy needs. This method could also reduce the amount if garbage piling up on the earth.

  11. What two problems can man solve by burning garbage?

  A. The shortage of energy and air pollution.

  B. The shortage of energy and the land to hold garbage.

  C. Air pollution and the shortage of fossil fuel.

  D. Air pollution and the shortage of land to hold garbage.

  12. Which of the following is NOT the result of burning garbage?

  A. The garbage burned is turned into fossil fuels.

  B. The heat produced is used to boil water.

  C. The steam produced is used to make electricity.

  D. The steam produced is used to heat buildings.

  13. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true?

  A. About 2 million metric tons of garbage is burned in France each year.

  B. In a modern society, more and more garbage is produced each year.

  C. Using garbage is a good way to solve the problem of energy shortage.

  D. It will be too expensive to use garbage as an energy source.

  14. What is the author's attitude?

  A. Delighted B. Sad C. Agreeing D. Disagreeing

  15. The best title for the passage may be        .

  A. Garbage and the Earth

  B. Fossil Fuel and Garbage

  C. Land and Garbage

  D. Garbage - Energy Source

  Part II Vocabulary and Structure(30%)

  Directions: In this part there are 30 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

  16. It is from my grandparents        I learned a lot.

  A. who B. whom C. that D. which

  17. The writer has published many books,        are well received by the readers.

  A. none of whom B. all of which

  C. neither of who D. one of which

  18. Classes        , the students left for home without delay.

  A. were over B. being over C. are over D. over

  19. This is the dictionary        I depend a lot whenever I have problems with new words.

  A. with which B. in which C. on which D. for which

  20. Over ten people died and twenty people were        wounded in the train crash.

  A. horribly B. wrongly C. bitterly D. seriously

  21. Do you think Tommy is        the truth?

  A. saying B. speaking C. telling D. talking

  22. It is so hot. You should put the food into the refrigerator now. otherwise, it will        soon.

  A. harm B. hurt C. spoil D. damage

  23. Don't forget to write to me,        ?

  A. will you B. didn't you C. are you D. don't you

  24. It is important to remember the saying that        is better than cure.

  A. prevention B. promotion C. permission D. proportion

  25. Winning or losing is temporary, but friendship        .

  A. expects B. lives C. remains D. lasts

  26. Peter, whom everyone suspected,        to be innocent.

  A. turned out B. turned off C. turned up D. turned over

  27. Isn't that        they call peace and friendship?

  A. which B. this C. what D. where

  28. So        is the weather in England that by lunchtime there could be thunder and lightening.

  A. various B. varies C. variable D. variation

  29. All the arrangements should have been completed prior        our departure.

  A. in B. to C. by D. before

  30. I must tell you how        a letter from you.

  A. pleased I was to receive B. pleased I was to receiving

  C. was I pleased to receive D. pleased I was receiving

  31. I am considering        my job as I'm not getting on well with my boss.

  A. changing B. to change C. changed D. to be changed

  32.        the advice of his friends, he would not have suffered such a heavy loss in his business.

  A. If he took B. If he should take C. Were he to take D. Had he taken

  33. John,        the bet, had to pay for the dinner.

  A. lost B. having lost C. losing D. having loss

  34. Do not trust such men        often like to praise you to your face.

  A. who B. that C. as D. they

  35. We have a desperate need        practice strict economy in every department.

  A. to B. of C. for D. about

  36. But for my classmates' help, I        the work in time.

  A. did not finish B. could not finish

  C. will not finish D. would not have finished

  37.        is known to us all, the earth moves around the sun.

  A. Because B. For C. So D. As

  38. With the flowers        everywhere, the park looks beautiful.

  A. to bloom B. blooming C. be blooming D. to be blooming

  39. The shortage of energy is getting worse. It        an immediate solution.

  A. calls off B. calls up C. calls for D. calls at

  40. The teacher spoke so fast that it was hard for the students to        what he was saying.

  A. take in B. take out C. take up D. take over

  41. Some pop singers have much influence        the young people.

  A. to B. for C. onto D. on

  42. The doctor advised her that she        enough rest before going back to work.

  A. to get B. get C. gets D. got

  43. I think I will do it myself        asking him for help.

  A. rather than B. other than C. instead of D. in place of

  44. No sooner had she entered the house        the telephone rang.

  A. when B. than C. as D. while

  45. Mary said to me, "Had I seen your bag, I        it to you."

  A. will return B. must return C. could return D. would have returned

  Part III Identification (10%)

  Directions: Each of the following sentences has four underlined parts marked A, B, C and D. Identify the one that is not correct. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

  46. Individual freedom does not in any sense(A) mean that (B)you can do what (C)you like at your free-will.(D)

  47. When we finally finished (A)the tiring (B)journey, we could not hardly (C)move a step further.(D)

  48. Arriving for (A)the lecture early is better (B)than to take (C)the chance of being (D)late.

  49. These part-time students expect to offer (A)some jobs on (B)campus during (C)the coming (D)summer vacation.

  50. He was so (A)excited after hearing the news and (B)he could not (C)fall asleep immediately.(D)

  51. You will not able (A)to pass the examination unless (B)you work harder (C)than you do (D)now.

  52. Only when it started (A)to rain he noticed (B)that he had left (C)his raincoat somewhere.(D)

  53. The waste, according to (A)the people there, has already (B)found their (C)way into the (D)drinking water.

  54. If you try to (A)learn too (B)many things at a time (C)you may get confusing(D).

  55. After (A)his graduation (B)from(C) the university, he has worked (D)in a famous computer company.

  Part IV Cloze (10%)

  Directions: there are 20 blanks in the following passage, and for each blank there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D at the end of the passage. You should choose ONE answer that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

  People used to say, "The hand that rocks the cradle(搖籃)rules the world." And "56 every successful man there's a woman."

  " 57  these saying mean the same thing. Men  58  the world, but their wives rule them.

  Most of the American women like  59  their husbands and  60  successful,  61  some of them want  62  for themselves. They want  63  jobs. When they work they want to be  64

  Paid. They want to be as successful as  65  .

  The American women's liberation(解放)movement was started by women who don't want to  66  successful men. They want to stand  67  men, with the same chance for success. They don't want to be told that certain jobs or offices are  68  to them. They refuse to work side by side with men who do the same work for  69  pay.

  A  70  woman must be  71  of being a woman and have confidence (自信)in  72  . If somebody says to her, "You've come a long way, baby." She'll smile and answer, "Not nearly as  73  as I'm going to go, baby!"

  This movement is quite new, and  74  American women do not agree. But it has already made some important changes in women's  75  and in men's lives, too.

  56. A. Behind B. Beside C. Before D. Under

  57. A. Neither B. All C. Both D. Either

  58. A. manage B. have C. control D. rule

  59. A. forcing B. to make C. waiting D. looking

  60. A. fathers B. mothers C. sons D. daughters

  61. A. so B. but C. thus D. or

  62. A. more B. little C. everything D. nothing

  63. A. light B. heavy C. no D. good

  64. A. nice B. fairly C. continuously D. endlessly

  65. A. husbands B. others C. men D. other women

  66. A. walk beside B. move behind C. go before D. stand behind

  67. A. beside B. for C. behind D. against

  68. A. opened B. closed C. open D. close

  69. A. a different B. the same C. a higher D. a high

  70. A. good B. free C. working D. liberated

  71. A. able B. kind C. proud D. fond

  72. A. her heart B. herself C. her position D. her husband

  73. A. far B. farther C. long D. distant

  74. A. some B. all C. few D. many

  75. A. lives B. world C. society D. position

  Part V Translation (20%)

  Section A

  Directions: In this part there are five sentences which you should translate into Chinese. These sentences are all taken from the 3 passage you have just read in the part of Reading Comprehension. You can refer back to the passages so as to identify their meanings in the context.

  76. If they try hard to do something and fail, they may conclude that they will never be able to accomplish a task. (Passage 1)

  77. Water is so low in the canals of northern France that waterway traffic is forbidden except  on weekends. (Passage 2)

  78. Governments in drought-spread countries are taking severe measures. Authorities in hard-hit areas of France have banned washing cars and watering lawns. (Passage 2)

  79. Burning garbage is not a new idea. Some cities in Europe and the United States have been burning garbage for years. (Passage 3)

  80. Our fossil fuel supplies are limited. Burning garbage might be one kind of energy source that we can use to help meet our energy needs. (Passage 3)

  Section B

  Directions: In this part there are five sentences in Chinese. You should translate them into English. Be sure to write clearly.

  81.今年他們建造的房子跟去年一樣多。

  82.對不起,我忘了把你要的書帶來了。

  83.這項工作太難了,你干不了。

  84.無論多么困難,我也不會失去信心。

  85.物體離我們越遠,看起來就越小。

  答案與題解

  1.A 答案在第一段第二句話:"Kids who have trouble getting along

  with their classmates can end up behind academically as well.不能和

  同學很好相處的學生學習也會落后。"因此作者認為和同學的關系不

  好會對他的學習造成負面影響。A最符合題意。

  2.C spot:發現,找出。In early grades especially,youngsters should

  be encouraged to work in groups rather than individually SO that teachers

  can spot children who may be having problems making friends.尤其在早期,應當鼓勵青年人一起學習,而不是獨自學習,這樣老師們就能發現哪些學生交朋友有困難。

  3.A 答案在第二段第二句話:"For most children,school marks the

  first time that their goals are not set by an internal clock but by the

  outside world.對于大多數學生來講,學校使他們第一次明白他們目

  標的實現是由外部世界決定的,不是內在的因素。因此學校使學生們

  明白是社會而不是個人決定他們的未來。"A為正確答案。

  4.D 答案在第二段最后一句話:  "The effects of obvious methods of

  comparison such as posting grades can be serious.a child who has had

  his confidence really damaged needs a rescue operation.明顯的對比分

  數的做法的后果是相當嚴重的。自尊心受到傷害的學生需要醫治。"

  因此作者最不愿做的事情是公開學生的成績。D為正確答案。

  71

  5.C 作者第一段談到:"年輕人的社會能力會對他的學習產生很大的影

  響,因此一個人的社會能力應當放在第一位。"第二段談到:"學生們

  的自信心非常的重要。"因此一個學生最關心的應當是具有社會化的

  能力和對自己能力的感覺。因此c為正確答案。

  6.D 答案在第一段第一句話:"If the Europeans thought a drought-a long period of dry weather-was something that happened only in Africa,they know better now.如果歐洲人認為干旱天氣只會出現在非洲的話,那么他們現在更清楚的知道了,情況并非如 此。"因此,"they know better now"means they have realized that drought hit not only Africa but also Europe.歐洲人已經意識到干旱不僅會襲擊非洲也會出現在歐洲。

  7.A 歐洲的干旱引起了以下問題:船只航行困難,牡蠣產量下降,干旱

  的山丘。低于平均水平的降雨量不屬于干旱引起的問題,而應當是由

  于少的降雨量引起干旱。因此A為正確答案。

  8.D 答案在第二段有這樣的句子:"In Britain,water will soon be metered,

  like gas and electricity.在英國,水像電和氣一樣開始記錄了。"

  "The English have always taken water for granted,now they are put-

  ting a price on it.英國人對于用水總是想當然,現在他們也開始給水

  定價了。因此英國政府打算開始收水費了。D為正確答案。

  9.B 答案在文章的最后一句話:"It will take several years of unusually

  heavy winter rain,just to bring existing water reserves up to their

  normal levels.如果想讓水庫的水達到通常的水平,得需要幾年的時

  間,而且需要非同尋常的大的降雨量。因此"由于多年干旱,水庫的

  水位已經最底了。此句話正確。

  10.B 文章第一段談到干旱給歐洲帶來的災難,第二段談到干旱國家的

  政府采取的一些措施。因此文章的題目應當是:  "Drought Attacks

  Europe干旱襲擊歐洲" B為正確答案。

  11.B 答案在文章的最后一句話:"Burning garbage might be one kind

  of energy source that we can use to help meet our energy needs.this

  method could also reduce the amount if garbage piling up on the

  earth."因此焚燒垃圾可以解決兩個問題:能源短缺,節省土地。

  12.A 文章第四段談到焚燒垃圾產生的熱可以使水沸騰,產生的蒸汽可

  以發電,也可以給大樓供熱,但是沒有談到焚燒的垃圾會變成化石。

  13.D 把垃圾作為一種能源非常貴不符合文章的內容。

  14.C 作者持贊成的態度。

  15.D 文章的標題應當是:"Garbage——一一Energy Source."

  16.C 此句測試強調句型的用法。It is…that…本句的意思是:"從我祖父母那里我學到了很多。又如:It was in the street that mymother met Tom yesterday.(強調地點主語)昨天,我母親是在街上遇見湯姆的。It was not until Wednesday that I phoned the office.(強調時間狀語)直到星期三我才給辦公室打去電話。

  17.B 此句測試非限定性定語從句的用法。因為關系代詞修飾的是指物

  的名詞,因此用which;根據本句的句意,要選肯定句。本句的意思

  是:"這位作者出版了好多部書,都非常受讀者的歡迎。"又如:"He

  felt that his pupils,most of whom lived in the towns,should get to

  know the wonders of the countryside.他覺得他那些大多住在城里的

  學生應該了解鄉村的美妙景色。關系代詞whom指的是pupils.

  18.B 此句測試非謂語動詞的用法。當分詞短語的主語和主句的主語不

  一致而且又有自己的主語的時候,要用分詞的獨立主格。因此只有B

  最符合語法結構。本句的意思為:"下課后,同學們沒有耽誤時問直

  接回家了。分詞的獨立主格作時間狀語。It being Sunday,you

  needn't go to sch001.因為是星期天,你用不著去上學。分詞的獨立

  78

  主格做原因狀語。All the work done,you can have a rest.所有的工作都完成了,可以休息了。分詞的獨立主格做條件狀語。

  19.C 此句測試定語從句的用法。depend on…依靠,取決于。因此C為正確答案。

  20.D 此句測試四個副詞的用法。seriously:嚴重的,嚴肅的。He

  was seriously i11.他患了重病。本句的意思是:"在這次火車相撞事

  件中十多個人死亡,二十多人嚴重受傷。horribly:令人恐懼的,可

  怕的。He died horribly and in great pain.他死的很慘,且疼痛不堪。

  wrongly:錯誤地,不正當地。wrongly directed錯誤指導。bitterly:

  痛苦的。

  21.C 此句測試四個動詞的辨析。tell the truth:說實話,tell a lie:說

  謊。是固定搭配。因此C為正確答案。

  22.C spoil:指食物變壞。如:Fruit spoils if kept too long.水果放的

  時間長了會爛。因此c最符合題意。本句的意思是:"天氣這么熱,

  應當把食物放到冰箱了,否則很快就會壞。"harm:損害,危害。

  There is no harm in trying.不妨一試。hurt:使……傷心。These

  criticisms have hurt his pride deeply.這些批評大大傷害了他的自尊

  心。damage:損害,破壞(使其失去價值)。The storm did great

  damage to the crops.那場暴風雨對農作物造成了極大的傷害。

  23.A 此句測試祈使句的反意疑問句。如果是祈使句的反意疑問句,后

  面的反問一般用will you?如:Speak louder,will you?請大聲點,好

  嗎?本句的意思是:"別忘了給我寫信,好嗎?"因此C最符合題意。

  24.A 此句測試四個名詞的辨析。prevention:防止,預防。Prevention

  is better than cure.預防勝于醫治。因此A最符合題意。promotion:

  提升,晉級。permission:允許proportion:比例。

  25.D 此句測試四個動詞的辨析。last:持續,延續。The hot weather

  lasted until September.炎熱的天氣一直持續到九月。本句的意思是:

  "輸還是贏都是暫時的,但是友誼常存。因此D最符合題意。expect:

  期望,期待。live:生活remain:仍然。

  26.A 此句測試turn動詞短語的用法。turn out:結果是,證明是。It

  looked like raining this morning.but it has turned out to be a fine

  day.今天早晨看起來要下雨,結果是個晴天。本句的意思是:"大家

  都懷疑彼得,結果他是無辜的。因此A最符合題意。turn off:關掉。

  Please turn off the lights when you leave classroom.離開教室時請關

  上燈。turn up:出現He promised to come but hasn't turned up yet.

  他答應來,但還沒到。turn over:翻倒,翻轉。The car turned over in

  a crash.那輛汽車撞翻個兒了。

  27.C 此句是一個what引導的表語從句。陳述句的語序應當是這樣的:

  "That isn't what they call peace and friendship."變成疑問句:"

  Isn't that what they call peace and friendship?"what在從句中作call

  .  的賓語。因此C最符合題意。

  28.C 此句測試詞匯的用法。題干中有SO,因此后面要接形容詞,variable:變化多端的。various:各種各樣的。因此C最符合題意。本句的意思是:"倫敦的天氣變化多端,到午飯時就可能會電閃雷鳴。"vary:變化,是動詞。variation:變化,名詞。

  29.B 固定搭配:prior to:在……之前。本句的意思是:"在離開之前,應當把一切準備好。"

  30.A 此句為how引導的賓語從句。how后面緊跟它所修飾的形容詞

  或副詞,然后再接一個陳述句。另外注意短語:be pleased to do

  sth…。因此A為正確答案。本句的意思是:"我必須告訴你收到你

  的來信我是多么的高興。

  7,5

  31.A  consider后面接動名詞做賓語。因此A為正確答案。本句的意思

  是:"我正在考慮換工作,因為我和老板關系不太好。又如:"We:are

  considering learning a foreign 1anguage.我們正在考慮學一門外語。"

  32.D 此句測試虛擬語氣的用法。此句為和過去的事實相反的虛擬句,

  if省略,句子倒裝。因此D最符合題意。本句的意思是:"如果他聽

  了朋友們的勸告的話,他的生意就不會這么損失慘重。"

  33.B 此句測試分詞短語的用法。分詞短語的完成時做原因狀語。本句

  的意思是:"約翰因為打賭輸了,只好付飯錢。"

  34.C  such…as引導定語從句。例如:"we have found such materials

  as are used in their factory.我們找到了象他們廠里用的那種材料。

  (such在句中做主語)Such people as you describe are short nowadays.

  你描述的這種人現在已經很少了。(such在句子中做賓語)

  35.A  have need to do sth:必須做某事。本句的意思是:"我們急需在

  每個領域里厲行節約。"

  36.D  此句是含有含蓄條件句:"but for'my classmate's help"的句子,

  因此要選擇一個虛擬語氣的句子。因為是和過去的事實相反,因此D

  為正確答案。本句的意思是:"要不是同學們的幫助,我不會按時完

  成任務的。"

  37.D  as is known to a11:固定搭配,眾所周知。又如:As is known to

  all,too much smoking will cause lung cancer.眾所周知,過多吸煙

  會引起肺癌。

  38.B  本句測試with介詞短語引導的分詞的獨立主格。with后面接復

  合賓語,因為賓語the flowers和賓語補足語之間是邏輯上的主謂關

  系,因此用現在分詞。因此B為正確答案。本句的意思是:"到處鮮

  花盛開,公園非常美麗。"

  39.C 本句測試call動詞短語的用法。call for:要求,需求。如:This

  invitation does not call for an answer.這張請貼不要求答復。The

  present situation calls for rapid action by the government.當前的局

  勢要求政府立即采取措施。因此c最符合題意。本句的意思是:"能

  源缺乏越來越嚴重,需要立即解決。"call off:取消。"The football

  match was called off on account of rain.足球賽因下雨取消。"例如:

  call up:打電話。例如:"I'11 call you up as soon as I get home.我一

  到家就給你打電話。"call at:拜訪。例如:  "We called at John's

  house yesterday.昨天我們到約翰家拜訪。"

  40. A  此句測試take動詞短語的用法。take in:理解,領會。The

  students found it easy to take in what their teacher had taught.學生

  們發現老師講的東西很容易領會。因此A最符合題意。本句意思是:

  "老師講的太快了,學生們很難理解。take out:拿出,取出。例如:

  Please take out a piece of paper,let's have a dictation.請拿出一張紙

  來,我們開始聽寫。take up:占據(時間、空間)This bookcase

  take up too much room.這個書架占了太多的空間。take over:承

  擔,接管。例如:He will take over his father's business.他將接替

  他父親的事業。

  41.D  固定搭配,have an influence on…對……有影響。本句的意思

  是:"有些流行歌手對年輕人有很大影響。

  43.C  本句的意思是:"我想我自己做而不去求助于他。"Instead of和in place of兩個短語都是取代的意思,前者是用甲不用乙,后者是以甲代替乙。如:"In making this dish,we should use sesame oil instead of peanut oil.做這個菜,應該用香油,不應該用花生油。In making this dish, we used sesame oil in place of peanut oil.我們做這個菜時,用香油代替了花生油。因此C符合題意。rather than:寧愿,不是……而是……。如:"John ought to go rather than George.約翰比喬治更應該去。These shoes are comfortable rather than pretty.這鞋不好看可是很舒服。Other than:不同于。除了。如:"The truth is quite other than what you think.事實與你想的完全不同。A11 parts of the house other than the windows were in good condition.除了窗子外,屋子的其他部分都很好。"

  44.B no sooner…than,hardly..when,固定搭配,一……就……本

  句的意思是:"她剛進門,電話就響了。

  45.D  此句測試虛擬語氣的用法。因為題干中有句話:"had I seen your

  bag"表示和過去的事實相反的句子,if省略,因此D為正確答案。本

  句的意思是:  "瑪麗對我說:"如果我看見了你的書包,我會還給

  你的。

  46.C  應改為whatever引導的賓語從句。本句的意思是:"個人自由并

  不意味著你可以自由地去做一切你喜歡做的事情。"

  47.C  應去掉not或者hardly,雙重否定會變成肯定。本句的意思是:

  "當我們完成這一令人疲憊的旅行時,累的一步也不想動了。"

  48.C  應改為taking,因為是平行結構,要和主語arriving的形式保持

  一致。本句的意思是:"聽報告時早點去要比有可能遲到好。"

  49.A  應改為be offered,意思是:"學生們期望被給一份工作。"本句

  的意思是:"這些勤工儉學的學生們期望暑假在校園里能找到一份

  工作。"

  50.B  應改為that,固定結構:SO…that…如此……以至于……。

  本句的意思是:"他聽到這個消息時非常激動以至于不能很快入睡。"

  51.A  應改為will be able to.本句的意思是:"除非你比現在更努力學

  習,否則你考試就會不及格。"

  52.B  應改為:did he notice,因為only放在句首,因此句子要倒裝。本

  句的意思是:"只有在開始下雨的時候,他才意識到他不知把雨衣丟

  在什么地方了。"

  53.C  應改為:its,代指前面的waste,不可數名詞。本句的意思是:

  "據那里的人講:人們在飲用的水里發現了廢物。"

  54.D  應改為confused,因為主語是you,指人。本句的意思是:"如果你一次學的東西太多的話,你就會迷惑。"

  55.A  應改since,因為后面用的是完成時。本句的意思:"自從他從大

  學畢業,他就在一家著名的計算機公司工作。"

  56.A  根據上下文本句的意思應當是:"每個成功的男人的背后都有一

  個女人。"因此A為正確答案。

  57.C  因為前面提到兩種說法"The hand that rocks the cradle rules the

  world.""Behind every successful man there's a woman."因此用

  both表示兩種說法的含義是一樣的。C最符合題意。

  58.D  rule:控制,統治。本句的意思是:"別人主宰著世界,而他們的

  妻子主控制他們。"

  59.B  like后面接to do sth.

  60.C  根據上下文的意思應當是:丈夫和兒子。

  77

  61.B  根據上下文的意思要使用一個表示轉折的連詞。

  62.A  本句意思是:"大多數婦女希望他們的丈夫和兒子成功,但是有

  些婦女想的更多的是她們自己。"

  63.D good jobs好的工作。本句的意思是:"她們想要好的工作。"

  64.B fairly:相當好的。continuously:持續地。end1essly:無休止地。

  nice:adj.好的,漂亮的。因此只有B最復合題意。本句的意思是:

  "他們工作的時候希望他們的工資合適。"

  65.C  根據文章的內容,這里的意思是指女人想和男人一樣的成功。

  66. D  本句的意思是:"美國的婦女不想站在成功男人的背后由此開始

  了美國的婦女解放運動。"

  67.A  本句的意思是:"他們想站在男人的旁邊,也就是說同樣想有成

  功的機會。"

  68.B  本句的意思是:"他們不希望有人告訴他們說某個工作或某個辦

  公室不要女的。"

  69.A  本句的意思是:"她們不希望和男人一起工作,報酬卻不一樣。"

  70.D  本句的意思是:"一個解放了的婦女必須以自己是女性而自豪,

  而且應當對自己有信心。"

  71.C be proud of…以……為自豪。

  72. B  have confidence in oneself:對自己有信心。

  73.A  本句的意思是:"如果有人對她說:你已經取得了很大的成績。

  她會笑著說:比我想象的還差些。"

  74.D  本句的意思是:"這是一個新的運動,許多美國婦女不同意。"

  75.A  本句的意思是:"但是它已經使男性、女性的生活發生了重要的

  變化。"因為and后面是men's lives,因此結構平行,用women's

  lives.

  76.本句是一個含有條件狀語從句的主從復合句。譯文:如果他們試圖

  做什么事,卻沒有做成,他們可能會得出這樣的結論:他們永遠也

  不能完成某一特定的任務。

  77.注意so…that…如此……以至于……譯文:法國北部運河河水的

  水位是如此之低,以至除周末外,船只禁止航行。

  78.此句為兩個簡單的句子。take severe 1neasures:采取緊急措施。譯

  文:在旱災蔓延的國家,各級政府正在采取嚴厲的措施。法國遭受

  旱災較重的地區的地方當局已禁止用水洗車和澆草坪。

  79.此句為兩個簡單句,注意時態為現在完成進行時。譯文:燃燒垃圾

  并非什么新想法。多年來,一些歐洲和美國的城市一直都在這么做。

  80.此句為兩個簡單句。譯文:我們的礦物燃料供應有限。燃燒垃圾可

  能會提供一種有助于滿足我們能源需求的能源。

  82.for.gel,后面接動詞不定式,表示動作還沒有生。譯文:I am sorry,I

  forget to bring the book you want.

  83.too…to…太……以至于不……。譯文:The work is too difficult

  for you to finish.

  84.however引導讓步狀語從句。However difficult it may be,1 will never

  lose my confidence.

  85.注意結構:the more…the more...越……越……。譯文:The farther an

  object is away from us,the smaller it looks.

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