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2004年11月成人三級真題

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  2004年11月北京地區普通高等學校成人教育本科生英語統一考試

  試題(A)

  Part I Reading Comprehension (30%)

  Directions: There are three passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C, and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through center.

  Passage 1

  Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage:

  In the United States, 30 percent of the adult population has a "weight problem". To many people, the cause is obvious: they eat too much. But scientific evidence does little to support this idea. Going back to the America of the 1910s, we find that people were thinner than today, yet they ate more food. In those days people worked harder physically, walked more, used machines much less and didn't watch television. Several modern studies, moreover, have shown that fatter people do not eat more on the average than thinner people. In fact, some investigations, such as the 1979 study of 3,545 London office workers, report that, on balance, fat people eat less than slimmer people.

  Studies show that slim people are more active than fat people. A study by a research group at Stanford University School of Medicine found the following interesting facts:

  The more the men ran, the more body fat they lost.

  The more they ran, the greater amount of food they ate.

  (76) Thus, those who ran the most ate the most, yet lost the greatest amount of body fat.

  1.  The physical problem that many adult Americans have is that ________.

  A they are too slim         B they work too hard

  C they are too fat          D they lose too much body fat

  2   According to the article, given 500 adult Americans, _______ people will have a "weight problem."

  A 30      B 50       C 100        D 150

  3   Is there any scientific evidence to support that eating too much is the cause of a " weight problem?"

  A Yes, there is plenty of evidence.

  B Of course, there is some evidence to show this is true.

  C There is hardly any scientific evidence to support this.

  D We don't know because the information is not given.

  4   In comparison with the adult American population today, the Americans of the 1910s _______.

  A ate more food and had more physical activities

  B ate less food but had more activities

  C ate less food and had less physical exercise

  D had more weight problems

  5    Modern scientific researches have reported to us that ________.

  A fat people eat less food and are less active

  B fat people eat more food than slim people and are more active

  C fat people eat more food than slim people but are less active

  D thin people run less, but have greater increase in food intake

  Passage 2

  Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage:

  By adopting a few simple techniques, parents who read to their children can greatly increase their children's language development. It is surprising but true. (77) How parents talk to their children makes a big difference in the children's language development. If a parent encourages the child to actively respond to what the parent is reading, the child's language skills increase.

  A study was done with 30 three-year-old children and their parents. Half of the children participated in the experimental study; the other half acted as the control group. In the experimental group, the parents were given a two-hour training session in which they were taught to ask open-ended questions rather than yes-or-no questions. For example, the parent should ask, "What is the doggie doing?" rather than "Is the doggie running away?" (78) The parents in the experimental group were also instructed in how to help children find answers, how to suggest alternative possibilities and how to praise correct answers.

  At the beginning of the study, the children did not differ in measures of language development, but at the end of one month, the children in the experimental group showed 5. 5 months ahead of the control group on a test of verbal expression and vocabulary. Nine months later, the children in the experimental group still showed an advance of 6 months over the children in the control group.

  6 Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?

  A  Children who talk a lot are more intelligent.

  B  Parents who listen to their children can teach them more.

  C  Active children should read more and be given more attention.

  D  Verbal ability can easily be developed with proper methods.

  7     What does "it" in line2 can most probably be replaced by?

  A Parents increasing children's language development

  B Reading techniques being simple

  C Parents reading to children

  D Children's intelligence development

  8     According to the author, which of the following questions is the best type to ask children about?

  A Do you see the elephant?     B Is the elephant in the cage?

  C What animals do you like?    D Shall we go to the zoo?

  9     The difference between the control group and the experimental group was _______

  A the training that parents received

  B the age of the children

  C the books that were read

  D the number of the children

  10    The best conclusion we can draw from the passage is that _______.

  A parents should be trained to read to their children

  B the more children read, the more intelligent they will become

  C children's language skills increase when they are required to respond actively

  D children who read actively seem six months older

  Passage 3

  Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:

  (79) The agriculture revolution in the nineteenth century involved two things: the invention of labor-saving machinery and the development of scientific agriculture. Labor-saving naturally appeared first where labor was scarce. "In Europe", said Thomas Jefferson, " the object is to make the most of their land, labor being sufficient; here it is to make the most of our labor, land being abundant." It was in America, therefore. That the great advances in nineteenth-century agricultural machinery first came. At the opening of the century, with the exception of a crude (粗糙的) plow, farmers could have carried practically all of the existing agricultural tools on their backs. (80) By 1860, most of the machinery in use today had been designed in an early form. The most important of the early inventions was the iron plow. As early as 1890 Charles Newbolt of New Jersey had been working on the idea of a cast-iron plow and spent his entire fortune in introducing his invention. The farmers, However, would home none of it , claiming that the iron poisoned the soil and made the weeds grow. Nevertheless, many people devoted their attention to the plow, until in 1869,James Oliver of South Bend, Indiana, turned out the first chilled steel plow.

  11. The word "here"(Para,1,Line 6) refers to ______.

  A Europe   B America   C New Jersey   D. Indiana

  12. Which of the following statement is NOT true?

  A. The need for labor helped the invention of machinery in America

  B. The farmer rejected Charles Newbolt's plow for fear of ruin of their fields.

  C. Both Europe and America had great need for farm machinery .

  D. It was in Indiana that the first chilled-steel plow was produced.

  13. The passage is mainly about _____.

  A. the agriculture revolution

  B. the invention of labor -saving machinery

  C. the development of scientific agriculture

  D. the farming machinery in America

  14. At the opening of the nineteenth -century, farmers in America_____.

  A. preferred light tools

  B. were extremely self-reliant(自給的)

  C. had many tools

  D. had very few tools

  15. It is implied but not stated in the passage that_____.

  A. there was a shortage of workers on American farms

  B. the most important of the early invention was the iron plow

  C. after 1869, many people devoted their attention to the plow

  D. Charles Newbolt had made a fortune by his cast-iron plow

  Part II Vocabulary and Structure(30%)

  Directions: In this part there are 30 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center

  16. The bridge was named _____ the hero who gave his life for the cause of the people.

  A after    B for    C  because of    D before

  17. There was a large crowed in the square _____ against the war.

  A protecting   B protesting   C preventing   D promoting

  18. We have ______ to the government for a home improvement loan.

  A. arranged   B approached   C applied   D appointed

  19. Tom _____ the shopkeeper with overcharging him for the articles he had bought.

  A. accused   B charged   C blamed   D criticized

  20. The idea sounds very good but will it work in ______?

  A. practice   B place   C advance   D. company

  21. He got a job so that he could be independent_____ his parents.

  A. on   B. in   C. of    D. from

  22. We had to wait a long time to get our passports, _____?

  A. won't we   B. don't we    C. didn't we   D. shouldn't you

  23. Do you feel like_____ today?

  A. having something eaten  B. having something to eat  C. to have something eaten   D. to have something to eat

  24. It's vital that enough money _____ collected to get the project started.

  A. is   B. be   C must be   D. can be

  25. We consider _____ the instrument be adjusted each time it is used.

  A. that it necessary   b. it necessary that   C. necessary that   D. necessary of it that

  26. _____, we decided to leave at once, as we didn't want to risk missing the bus .

  A . As it being pretty late   B. It being pretty late   C. It was being pretty late   D. Being pretty late

  27. _____ was one regarded as impossible has now become a reality.

  A. What   B. That     C. Which    D. As

  28. Mr. Smith , together with his wife and children, _____ going to the party this weekend.

  A. am   B. is    C are   D. will

  29. Would you mind _____ the computer game in your room?

  A. him playing   B. his playing   C. him to play   D. him play

  30. By next year he _____ in New York for five years.

  A. has worked   B. has been working  C. works   D. will have worked

  31. Henry is often seen _____ English aloud every morning in the classroom.

  A. read   B. reads   C. reading    D. to read

  32. Without heat and sunlight, plants on the earth_____ well.

  A. would not grow   B. will not grow   C. had not grown   D. would not be grown

  33. Only recently _____ to deal with the environmental problems.

  A. something has done   B. has something done   C. has something been done   D. something has been done

  34. The question_____ at the meeting tomorrow is very important.

  A. to discuss   B. being discussed   C. to be discussed  D. will be discussed

  35. Since this road is wet and slippery this morning, it _____ last night.

  A. must rain   B. was raining   C. must have rained   D. may rain

  36. The mother didn't know ____ to blame for the broken glass as it happened while she was out.

  A. who   B. when   C. how   D. what

  37. I believe that every crime, ____ the circumstance, should be severely punished.

  A. in spite of   B. because of   C. instead of   D. on account of

  38. The worker are busy _____ models for the exhibition.

  A. to make   B. with making  C. being making   D. making

  39. Yesterday Mr. Smith gave a vivid _____ of his recent visit to China.

  A. dialogue   B. idea   C. tale   D. account

  40. The definition leaves _____ for disagreement.

  A. a small room  B. much room   C. great deal room  D. not so big a room

  41. By the time you arrive this evening, _____ for two hours.

  A. I  will study  B. I will have been studied   C. I had studied   D. I will have been studying

  42. I would have joined him in a picnic, but I _____ his company.

  A. will not like   B. don't like   C. had not liked  D. might not like

  43. Let's finish our homework in a few seconds; it's time we _____.

  A. played football  B. will play football  C. play football  D. are playing football

  44. ______ at Harvard, he began to write his essay.

  A. Busy was as he   B. Busy as was he   C. Busy as he was   D. As was he busy

  45. Pierre often makes himself _____ by gesturing with his hands.

  A.  to understand   B. understanding   C. to be understood   D. understood

  Part III Identification (10%)

  Directions: Each of the following sentences has four underlined parts marked A, B, C and D. Identify the one that is not correct. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

  46. Advertising (A)gives useful information about which (B)products (C)to buying(D)

  47. In Hawaii (A), people are friendly (B)and always warmly (C)welcomed (D)visitors.

  48. Mara Dona will face (A)a possible prison term if  (B) finding (C)guilty on (D)the shooting charges.

  49. Having returned (A)from Berlin(B), he received no telephone call (C), neither.(D)

  50. "I am looking (A)forward to(B) receive (C)your letter!" she said happily(D).

  51. It is(A) in (B)his spare time when (C)Robert teaches himself (D)English and Japanese.

  52. People complain that the cost (A)of setting up (B)a company are (C)so great that only the rich can afford to run (D)a company in the country.

  53. Between you and I(A), we have had (B)an eye on (C)him for some time, and he might be (D)a runaway.

  54. At (A)school Li Ming ran into (B)many problems, such as choosing (C)classed and to handle (D)his time.

  55. Comparing (A)with the weather of (B)last winter, it is much (C)milder and more pleasant this winter.(D)

  Part IV Cloze (10%)

  Directions: there are 20 blanks in the following passage, and for each blank there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D at the end of the passage. You should choose ONE answer that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

  Can authority be criticized? In _56___ of the word , authority is not __57__ either out of respect or out of __58___ , In such countries children are not expected to __59__ thair teachers in school and ___60__ young scholars or __61___ industrial mean are hampered in technical research because they don't feel free to _62___ with their superiors. Clever researchers may be considered too __63__ to have "any right" to present __64__ that are different from knowledge and wisdom of men of old ages.

  ___65__, the American is _66___ from childhood to question, analyze and search. School tasks are ___67__ to encourage the use of a __68__ range of materials. A composition topic like "Write a paper __69__ the world's supply of sugar" will send even __70___ in search of completely unfamiliar ideas. __71___ in the primary grades, children are taught to __72___ libraries, and to search for __73___ ideas of various sorts. __74__ the time they are 14,15 and 16, many young scholars are marking original and ____75___ contributions in all fields of science.

  56. A such         B any         C much           D many

  57. A accepted      B claimed     C isolated         D challenged

  58. A fear          B mercy       C hate           D sympathy

  59. A question      B ask          C change         D charge

  60. A famous       B brilliant       C employed      D curios

  61. A original      B sensible       C imaginative      D affective

  62. A disagree      B complain       C link           D cooperate

  63. A old          B brave          C young         D nervous

  64. A functions     B awards         C rewards        D findings

  65.A Secondly      B. Then          C Therefore      D However

  66.A treated        B trained         C traced         D transformed

  67.A done         B designed        C fulfilled        D neglected

  68.A moderate      B limited         C wide          D various

  69.A of            B on            C for            D to

  70.A a child        B a boy          C a girl          D an adult

  71.A Since         B As            C If             D Even

  72.A organize       B use            C clean          D manage

  73.A conventional    B same          C new           D familiar

  74.A When          B Since         C During         D By

  75.A precious         B priceless       C worth          D valuable

  Part V Translation (20%)

  Section A

  Directions: In this part there are five sentences which you should translate into Chinese. These sentences are all taken from the 3 passage you have just read in the part of Reading Comprehension. You can refer back to the passages so as to identify their meanings in the context.

  76. Thus, those who ran the most ate the most, yet lost the greatest amount of body fat.( Passage1)

  77. How parents talk to their children makes a big difference in the children's language development. If a parent encourages the child to actively respond to what the parent is reading, the child's language skills increase.( Passage2)

  78. The parents in the experimental group were also instructed in how to help children find answers, how to suggest alternative possibilities and how to praise correct answers.( Passage2)

  79. The agriculture revolution in the nineteenth century involved two things: the invention of labor-saving machinery and the development of scientific agriculture.( Passage3)

  80. By 1860, most of the machinery in use today had been designed in an early form.( Passage3)

  Section B

  Directions: In this part there are five sentences in Chinese. You should translate them into English. Be sure to write clearly.

  81.每個人都知道,學習對一個人的成長是至關重要的。

  82.我們的新產品非常受歡迎,對此我們感到十分自豪。

  83.您能說話大聲點好讓每個人都聽得見嗎?

  84.除了英語,你最好再學一門外語。

  85.在教育孩子方面,表揚比批評有效得多。

  答案與題解

  1.C答案在第一段第一句話:"In the United States,30 percent of the

  adult population has a"weight problem"在美國,30%的成年人都有

  體重問題。"因此許多美國成年人的身體問題是他們太胖了,C為正確

  答案。

  2.D答案也在第一段第一句話:In the United States,30 percent of the

  adult population has a"weight problem"在美國,30%的成年人都有

  體重問題。"因此,如果有500人的話,那么150人就會有體重問題。

  D為正確答案。

  3.C答案在第一段第三句話:"But scientific evidence does little to sup

  port this ides."因此幾乎沒有任何科學依據證明這一點。C為正確答案。

  4.A答案在第一段:"Going back to the America of the 1910s,we find

  that people were thinner than today,yet they ate more food.In those

  days people worked harder physically,walked more,used machines

  much less and didn't watch television.回顧十八世紀初,那時的人比

  現在的瘦,然而卻吃的多。那時候,他們工作比現在辛苦,走路比現在

  多,使用機器比現在少,也不看電視。"因此"那時的人比現在吃的

  多,活動多。"符合題意思,A為正確答案。

  97

  5.A  答案在第二段和第三段:"Several modern studies have shown that

  fatter people do not eat more on the average than thinner people.Slim

  people are more active than fat people.有些現代科學研究證明:胖人

  不如瘦人吃的多,瘦人比胖人活動多。"因此胖人吃的少,活動少。符

  合題意。A為正確答案。

  6.D答案在第一段:"By adopting a few simple techniques.parents

  who read to their children can greatly increase their children's language development.父母給孩子讀書的時候,通過采用一些簡單的方

  法可以提高孩子的語言能力。"因此可以得出這樣的結論:"語言能力

  可以通過適當的方法來提高。"D為正確答案。

  7.A根據上下文,it指父母能提高孩子的語言能力。

  8.C答案在第二段:"In the experimental group,the parents were giv-

  en a two——hour training session in which they were taught to ask open

  -ended questions rather than yes-or-no questions.在進行實驗的

  這一組里,給家長進行兩小時的培訓,讓他們學會向孩子們提一些不

  能用'是'或'不是'回答的問題。"因此家長提出的最好的問題應

  該是:"What animals do you like?""你喜歡什么樣的動物?"C為正

  確答案。

  9.A答案在第二段。區別在于實驗組里的家長接受了培訓。

  10.C答案在第一段最后一句話。"If a parent encourages the child to

  actively respond to what the parent is reading,the child's language

  skills increase.如果家長鼓勵孩子們對于家長給他們讀的書的內容做

  出積極的反映,那么孩子們的語言能力就會提高。"因此C為正確答案。

  11.B根據上下文,這里的"here"指的是美國。

  12.C文章中有這樣的句子:  "In Europe,the object is to make the

  most of their land,labor being sufficient,here it is to make the most

  of our labor,and land being abundant.在歐洲,我們的目標是勞動

  力充足,要充分利用土地,在美國是土地充足,要正確使用勞動力。"

  因此說歐洲和美國都急需農業機械化錯誤的。C正確答案。

  13.B文章的中心思想應當是:"節省勞力的機器的發明"

  14.D文章中有這樣的句子:"At the opening of the century,with the

  exception of a crude plow,farmers could have carried practically all

  of the existing agricultural tools on their backs..在本世紀初,除了

  一個粗糙的耕犁之外,農民可以把其余所有的農具放在背上。"說明

  當時的農具很少。D為正確答案。

  15.A文章暗含的內容:"美國缺乏勞動力。"

  16.A  固定搭配name after…以……命名。本句意思是:"這座橋以

  這位英雄的名字命名的,他為了人民的事業犧牲了自己的生命。"因

  此A最符合題意。because of因為。

  17.B  固定搭配protest against…對某事提出抗議。本句的意思是:

  "廣場上有大批人群正在抗議戰爭。"因此B最符合題意。prevent sb

  from doing sth:阻止某人做某事。protect…from使……免受傷

  害。promote:提升,提拔。

  18.C  固定搭配apply for…申請。本句的意思是:"我們已經向政府

  申請改善住房貸款。"因此C最符合題意。arrange for…安排好

  ……,appoint as…被任命為……。

  19.B固定搭配charge with…指控,指責。如:"He charged me with

  irresponsible.他指責我不負責任。"本句的意思是:"湯姆指控這個

  店員,對于他在此買的商品多收了錢。"因此B最符合題意。Accuse sb of sth

  …指責,指控。如:"accuse sb  of a crime-指控某人犯罪"blame sth on sb…把……怪罪至……They blamed the failure on George.他們把失敗怪罪到喬治頭上。criticize:批評。

  20.A固定搭配in practice:在實踐中,實際上。本句的意思是:"想

  法聽起來不錯,但是實際中行的通嗎?"因此A最符合題意。in

  place:適當的,合適的。in advance:提前。

  21.C固定搭配be in(1ependent.f…獨立于……之外,不受……支

  配。  如:  "If you have a car,you are independent of trains and buses.

  如果你有汽車,你就不需要火車和汽車了。"本句的意思是:"他找到了工作,因此他就依賴父母了。"因此C最符合題意。

  22.C此句測試反意疑問句的用法。因為前面的句子是過去時,因此

  選C.

  23.B固定搭配feel like doing sth…想要……如:  "I don't feel like

  eating just now.我現在不想吃。"have something to eat:吃點東西。

  因此B為正確答案。本句的意思為:"今天想吃點什么?"

  24.B此句測試虛擬語氣的用法。形容詞vital后面連接主語從句的時

  候要虛擬語氣should+動詞原形。因此B為正確答案。本句的意思

  是:"要想開始這個項目必須有足夠的資金。"

  25.B此句測試含有形式賓語、賓語從句的句子結構。正確的結構為動

  詞+it+形容詞+真正的賓語。因此B為正確答案。本句的意思是:

  "我們認為非常必要每次在使用儀器的時候進行調試。"

  26.D此句測試非謂語動詞的用法。本句為現在分詞短語做原因狀語,

  分詞的主語和句子的主語一致,因此D為正確答案。本句的意思是:

  "已經很晚了,我們決定立刻離開,因為我們不想誤車。"

  27.A此句測試連詞的用法。因為本句為主語從句,what在從句中做

  主語,因此A正確答案。本句的意思是:"曾經被認為是不可能的事

  情如今變成了現實。"

  28.B此句測試主謂一致的用法。當主語后跟有with,along with,together

  with,besides,except,including,as well as,rather than等詞

  時,謂語動詞不受詞組的影響,僅和第一個主語保持一致。如:"She

  as well as the other girls is going to another supermarket.她和其他

  女孩打算去另一個超市。""The father.,rather than the brothers,is

  responsible.父親和哥哥們是負責任的。"本句的意思是:"史密斯先

  生和他的妻子和孩子周末去參加宴會。"因此B最符合題意。

  29.B本句測試動名詞的邏輯主語。mind的后面要接動名詞做賓語,動

  名詞的邏輯主語用物主代詞+動名詞。本句的意思是:"我在你房間

  里玩電腦游戲你介意嗎?"

  30.D本句測試將來完成時的用法。表示將來某個時間要完成的動作。

  本句的意思是:"到明年為止,他在紐約已經工作了五年了。"

  31.C現在分詞做賓語補足語,表示動作正在進行。本句的意思是:

  "有人看見亨利每天早晨在教室大聲朗讀英語。"

  32.A本句測試虛擬語氣的用法。without引導含蓄的虛擬條件句。本

  句是與現在的事實相反的句子,因此用A.如:"without electricity,

  there would not be modern industry.如果沒有電的話,就沒有現代工業。"

  33.c本句測試倒裝句的用法。only放在句首,句子倒裝。如:"Only

  in this way can we work out the physics problem.只有用這種方法,

  我們才能解出這道物理題來。"本句的意思是:"只是在最近才對于

  環境保護方面采取了些措施。"

  34.C本句測試非謂語動詞的用法。本句為動詞不定式的被動式做定語

  表示將要發生的動作。意思是:"明天會上要討論的問題非常重要。"

  35.C本句測試情態動詞+完成時的用法,表示對已經發生的事情的肯

  定的猜測。如:  "I didn't hear the phone.I must have been asleep.

  我沒有聽見電話玲響,我肯定睡著了。"本句的意思是:"既然今天早

  晨路上又濕又滑,昨晚肯定下雨了。"

  36.A本句測試動詞不定式的疑問式的用法。連接代詞或副詞+不定式

  夠成了不定式的疑問式,在句子中可以做主語、賓語、表語和狀語。

  女Ⅱ:"Mr.Li taught us how to work out the difficult problem.  李先

  生教我們如何解難題。""Please tell me when to start?請告訴我何時

  出發?"本句的意思是:"杯子字摔碎了,媽媽不知道該責備誰,因為

  當時她出去了。"

  37.A  in spite of:不管,不顧。He went out in spite of the rain.盡管

  下雨,我仍然外出。本句的意思是:"我認為每一種犯罪,不管環境

  如何,都應當受到嚴重的懲罰。"因此A符合題意。because.f:由

  于,因為。instead of:替代。on account of:由于,因為。

  38.D固定搭配:be busy doing sth 忙與做……。本句的意思是:"工人

  們忙于為展覽做模型。"

  39.D本句測試四個名詞的辨析。account:述說,說明。如:"Give us

  an account 0f what happened.把發生的事情給我們說一遍。因此D

  符合題意。本句的意思是:"昨天,史密斯先生惟妙惟肖地給我們講

  述了他近期到中國的訪問。"dialogue:對話。idea:想法。tale:

  神話。

  40.B room:空間,地方。(不可數名詞)The table takes up too much

  room.桌子占地方太大。much修飾不可數名詞。因此B為正確答

  案。本句的意思是:"這個定義留下許多爭議的余地。"

  41.D此句測試將來完成進行時的用法。本句的意思是:"到今晚你來

  的時候,我們就已經學習了兩個小時了。

  42.B本句的題干是一個表示虛擬的句子,但是后面的句子是表示真實

  語氣的。因此正確答案為B.本句的意思是:"我本來想參加他的野

  餐的,但是我不喜歡他們。"

  43.A 本句測試it is time+ that+從句(謂語動詞用過去時表示虛擬)。

  本句的意思:"讓我們在幾秒種內完成作業,該踢足球了。"

  44.C本句測試讓步狀語從句的用法。as引導讓步狀語從句時,句子倒

  裝。如:"Young as he is,he knows a lot of things.雖然他年齡不

  大,可知道的事情很多。"本句意思是:"雖然他在哈佛大學很忙,但

  他又開始寫作了。"

  45.D  make oneself understood:使自己的意思被別人明白。本句的意

  思是:"他經常通過打手勢讓別人明白他的意思。"

  46.D應改成to buy,which to buy是動詞不定式的疑問式。本句的意

  思是:"廣告給我們一些有用的信息,告訴我們買哪一種商品。"

  47.D應改成welcome,做謂語動詞,一般現在時。本句意思是:"在夏

  威夷,人們總是非常的友好,熱情歡迎游客。"

  48.C應改成found,if(he is)found guilty.本句的意思是:"如果在這

  個槍擊案件中他被發現有罪的話,那么他就有可能面臨監禁。"

  49.D應改成either.本句的意思是:"從柏林回來后,他也沒有接到

  電話。"

  50.c  應改成receiving,look forward to doing sth,盼望做……。本句

  的意思是:"我盼望著你的來信。"

  5l_C應改為that,it is…that…強調句型。本句意思是:"是在業

  余時間羅伯特自學英語和日語。"

  52.C應改為is,因為本句的主語是the cost,是不可數名詞。意思是:

  "人們抱怨說在這個國家成立一個公司的成本太高了,只有富人才能

  有錢開公司。"

  .

  53.A應改為:between you and me,代詞用賓格,意思是"咱們私下

  說說".本句的意思是:"咱們私下說說,我們已經觀察他好久了,

  他可能是個逃犯。"

  54.D應改為:handling,和前面的choosing是平行結構,接在such as

  的后面。本句的意思是:"在學校里,李明遇到很多問題,如:挑選

  班級和安排時間。

  55.A應改為compared,因為分詞的主語和句子的主語不一致。本句的

  意思是:"和去年冬天比較,今年冬天的天氣更溫和更好。"

  56.C文章的上文談到:"權威能被批評嗎?"本句的意思是:"從字面

  的更多意思來看,無論是出于尊敬還是害怕,權威是不容被挑戰的。

  57.D

  58.A

  59.A question:懷疑。本句的意思是:"在這樣的國家里,孩子們是不

  能懷疑老師的。"

  60.B  brilliant:有成就的,輝煌的。此處指有成就的作家。

  61.A original:新穎的,有創造性的。

  62.A disagree:不同意。本句的意思是:"很有成就的學者和很有創新

  的工業領域里的專家他們的研究受到限制因為他們不能隨意反對他

  們的前輩。"

  63.C

  64.D本句的意思是:"聰明的研究人員被認為是太年輕了,沒有權利

  提出和前輩的知識、智慧不同的研究結果。"

  65.D文章從這段開始進行轉折。

  66.B train:訓練,培訓。本句的意思是:"然而,美國人從小就受訓要

  學會疑問,分析,尋找。

  67.B design:設計,計劃。Design to do sth:目的是……,計劃……。

  68.C本句的意思是:"學校的教育是旨在鼓勵學生廣泛運用資料。

  69.B on:關于

  70.D本句的意思是:"一篇題目為:"世界糖的供應"的作文會讓即

  使是成年人也需要查詢他們所不知道的資料。"

  71.D  even in the primary grades:即使在川、學。

  72.B use the 1ibraries:使用圖書館。

  73.c new ideas of various sorts:各種各樣的新思想。本句的意思是:

  "即使在小學,也教育學生如何使用圖書館,如何尋找新思想。"

  74.D by:在……之時。在他們14,15,16歲的時候。

  75.D valuable:有益的,有價值的。本句的意思是:"在他們14,15,

  16歲的時候,許多年輕的學者便在科學領域里做出了新的有益的

  貢獻。"

  76.注意定語從句的翻譯。譯文:因此,跑得最多的人吃得也最多,但

  同時也失掉最多量的脂肪。

  77.第一句翻譯的時候,注意:主語是一個動詞不定式的疑問式,第二句

  是含有條件狀語從句的復合句。譯文:父母同他們的孩子們之間的

  談話方式對孩子的語言能力的發展有重大的影響。如果一個父(母)

  親鼓勵其孩子對他(她)朗讀的東西做出積極反應的話,孩子的語

  言技巧就會增強。

  78.此句中有三個動詞不定式的疑問式并列。譯文:實驗組的父母親還

  學會了如何幫助孩子們找出答案,如何建議可供選擇的(可能)方

  法以及如何表揚孩子們的正確回答。

  79.譯文:十九世紀的農業革命包括兩個方面:節省勞力的機器的發明

  和科學耕種的形成(出現)。

  80.譯文:絕大多數今天(當今)使用的農機具,在1860年已具雛形。

  82.注意使用so…that...如此……以至于……。be proud of…

  對……感到自豪。譯文:"Our new products are so popular that we

  are all proud of it."  or"Our new products are very popular,of which

  we are very proud."

  83.注意使用:s.that…以便,引導的結果狀語從句。英譯文:"could

  you speak a little louder please so that everyone can hear you?"

  84.注意介詞besides:除了……以外(包括)。譯文:"Besides English,

  you'd better learn another foreign language.".

  85.比較狀語從句。In educating children,praise is much(far)more effective than criticism.

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