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2006年4月成人本科學士學位英語統一考試

2006-10-23 09:21   來源:北京地區成人三級英語網       我要糾錯 | 打印 | 收藏 | | |

  北京地區成人本科學士學位英語統一考試(A)

  2006.4.22

  注意事項

  一、將答題卡(紙)上的姓名及學生代號用中文和阿拉伯數字填好。

  二、仔細閱讀題目的說明。

  三、在120分鐘內答完全部試題。

  四、答案一定寫在答題卡上,凡是寫在試題冊上的答案一律作廢。

  五、用鉛筆這樣劃答案:[A] [B] [C] [D],用其他符號答題者不記分。

  六、如要改動答案,必須先用橡皮擦去原來選定的答案,然后再按上面的規定重新答題。

  Part I   Reading Comprehension (30%)

  Directions: There are four passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

  Passage 1

  Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage:

  Television has opened windows in everybody's life. Young men will never again go to war as they did in 1914. Millions of people now have seen the effects of a battle. And the result has been a general dislike of war, and perhaps more interest in helping those who suffer from all the terrible things that have been shown on the sc-Teen.

  Television has also changed politics. The most distant areas can now follow state affairs, see and hear the politicians before an election. Better informed, people are more likely to vote, and so to make their opinion count.

  Unfortunately, television's influence has been extremely harnfful to the young. (76) Children do not have enough experience to realize that TV shows present an unreal world; that TV advertisements lie to sell products that are sometimes bad or useless. They believe that the violence they see is normal and acceptable. All educators agree that the “television generations” are more violent than their parents and grandparents.

  Also, the young are less patient. (77) Used to TV shows, where everything is quick and interesting, they do not have the patience to read an article without pictures; to read a book that requires thinking; to listen to a teacher who doesn't do funny things like the people on children's programs. And they expect all problems to be solved happily in ten, fifteen, or thirty minutes. That's the time it takes on the screen.

  1. In the past, many young people__________.

  A. knew the effects of war

  B. went in for politics

  C. liked to save the wounded in wars

  D. were willing to be soldiers

  2. Now with TV people can__________.

  A. discus politics at an information center

  B. show more interest in politics

  C. make theft own decisions on political affairs

  D. express their opinions freely

  3. The author thinks that TV advertisements__________.

  A. are not reliable on the whole

  B. are useless to people

  C. are a good guide to adults

  D. are very harmful to the young

  4. Which is NOT true according to the passage?

  A. People have become used to crimes now.

  B. With a TV set some problems can be solved quickly.

  C. People now like to read books with pictures.

  D. The adults are less violent than the young.

  5. From the passage, we can conclude that__________.

  A. children should keep away from TV

  B. TV programs should be improved

  C. children's books should have pictures

  D. TV has a deep influence on the young

  Passage 2

  Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage:

  Nonverbal (非語言的) communication has to do with gestures, movements and closeness of two people when they are talking. (78) The scientists say that those gestures, movements and so on have meaning which words do not carry.

  For example, the body distance between two speakers can be important. North Americans often complain that South Americans are unfriendly because they tend to stand close to the North American when speaking, while the South American often considers the NorthAmerican to be “cold”“or ”distant“”because he keeps a greater distance between himself and the person he is speaking to. The “eye contact” provides another example of what we are calling nonverbal communication. Scientists have observed that there is more eye contact between people who like each other than there is between people who don't like each other. (79) The length of time that the person whom you are speaking to looks at your eyes indicates the amount of interest he has in the things you are talking about.

  On the other hand, too long a gaze can make people uncomfortable. The eyes apparently play a great part in nonverbal communication. Genuine warmth or interest, shyness or confidence can often be seen in the eyes. We do not always consider a smile to be a sign of friendliness. Someone who is always smiling, and with little apparent reasons, often makes us uneasy.

  6. According to the passage, nonverbal communication__________.

  A. is a method often used by people who cannot speak

  B. can tell something that words cannot

  C. can be used to talk with people who cannot bear

  D. is less used than words

  7. The South American__________.

  A. tends to keep a distance between himself and the person he is speaking to

  B. usually stands close to the person he is talking to

  C. is often unfriendly when spoken to

  D. is often cold and distant when speaking

  8. Which of the following is NOT true?

  A. Less eye contact suggests distance in relation.

  B. The longer one looks at you, the more interest he has in you.

  C. There is more eye contact between people who like each other.

  D. Shorter eye contact shows more interest in what one is talking about

  9. Too long a gaze__________.

  A. may upset people being looked at

  B. shows one's great confidence

  C. indicates one's interest in the talk

  D. tells you how friendly one is

  10. Constant smiling without apparent reason__________.

  A. is a sign of one's friendliness

  B. is a sign of one's unfriendliness

  C. makes people feel happy

  D. makes people feel uncomfortable

  Passage 3

  Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:

  In the United States elementary education begins at the age of six. At this stage nearly ail the teachers are women, mostly married. (76) The atmosphere is usually very friendly, and the teachers have now accepted the idea that the important thing is to make the children happy and interested. The old authoritarian (要絕對服從的) methods of education were discredited (不被認可) rather a long time ago - so much so that many people now think that they have gone too far in the direction of trying to make children happy and interested rather than giving them actual instruction.

  The social education of young children tries to make them accept the idea that human beings in a society need to work together for their common good. So the emphasis is on co-operation rather than competition throughout most of this process. This may seem curious, in view of the fact that American society is highly competitive; however, the need for making people sociable in this sense has come to be regarded as one of the functions of education. Most Americans do grow up with competitive ideas, and obviously quite a few as criminals, but it is not fair to say that the educational system fails. It probably does succeed in making most people sociable and ready to help one another both in material ways and through kindness and friendliness.

  11. According to the passage, the U.S. elementary education is supposed to make children__________.

  A. sensible and sensitive     B. competitive and interested

  C. curious and friendly      D. happy and co-operative

  12. Some Americans complain about elementary schools because they think__________.

  A. children are reluctant to help each other

  B. schools lay too much emphasis on co-operation

  C. children should grow up with competitive ideas

  D. schools give little actual instruction to children

  13. The author's attitude towards American education can be best described as__________.

  A. favorable              B. negative

  C. tolerant                D. unfriendly

  14.  The American educational system emphasizes__________.

  A. material wealth          B. competition

  C. co-operation            D. personal benefit

  15. The word “sociable” most probably means__________.

  A. fond of talking freely

  B. friendly with other people

  C. concerned about social welfare

  D. happy at school

  Part II  Vocabulary and Structure  (30%)

  Directions: In this part there are 30 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

  16. Since he left the university, he __________ in an accounting company.

  A. has been working        B. had worked

  C. had been working       D. was working

  17. Since he left the university, he __________ in an accounting company.

  A. has been working        B. had worked

  C. had been working       D. was working

  18. It was not until dawn __________ their way out of the forest.

  A. when they found        B. that they found

  C. did they find           D. that they didn't lind

  19. __________ he says or does won't make me change my mind at all.

  A. Whatever              B. However

  C. Which                D. How

  20. We all believe that it'd be hard for him to __________ extra responsibilities now.

  A. take apart             B. take up

  C. take on                D. take back

  21. He was very rude to the customs officer, __________ of course made things even worse.

  A. who                   B. whom

  C. what                 D. which

  22. The goods __________ when we arrived at the airport.

  A. were just unloading      B. were just been unloading

  C. had just unloaded       D. were just being unloaded

  23. All things__________, the planned trip had to be called off.

  A. considered             B. be considered

  C. considering            D. having considered

  24. __________ purpose did you say their team would beat ours?

  A. For which              B. What

  C. For what              D. Which

  25. Since there isn't much time left, you can just tell us about it__________.

  A. in detail               B. in short

  C. in all                  D. in brief

  26. People appreciate __________ with him because he has a good sense of humor.

  A. to work               B. working

  C. to have worked         D. have working

  27. The little village hasn't changed much __________ a new road and two more stores.

  A. except                 B. besides

  C. except that             D. except for

  28. Let's start working on the project,__________?

  A. shall we                B. will we

  C. don't we               D. aren't we

  29. I don't think it appropriate to __________ such an issue at the meeting.

  A. bring in                B. bring off

  C. bring up               D. bring about

  30. In fact, I would rather have left for the countryside __________ at home.

  A. by staying             B. than staying

  C. than to stay             D. than have stayed

  31. __________a teacher, one must first be a pupil.

  A. Being                  B. Having been

  C. To be                  D. To have been

  32. 42. __________, a form must be filled in.

  A. If you want to get this job  B. In order to get this job

  C. Making request for this job D. To ask for this job

  33. __________ in a company, Miss Li will become a famous pop singer.

  A. It is an employee that    B. She was an employee

  C. An employee before     D. Once an employee

  34. He asked her to go to a concert with him but she __________ his invitation __________ politely.

  A. turned; down           B. turned; out

  C. turned; away            D. turned; up

  35. __________ Japanese, she has to study another foreign language.

  A. Except                 B. Except for

  C. In addition to           D. Beside

  36. It was while she was sleeping in her bedroom __________ a thief broke into the house.

  A. which               B. that

  C. where                  D. than

  37. In learning English we should not __________ our students of their mistakes all the time.

  A. remind                 B. remember

  C. remain                D. remark

  38. These three teachers vary __________ their manner of teaching.

  A. between              B. from

  C. with                  D. in

  39. Who can it be? I'm quite __________ a loss to guess.

  A. of                     B. on

  C. in                   D. at

  40. The monitor __________ the examination papers to the class for his teacher.

  A. delivered              B. distributed

  C. reported               D. presented

  41. Have you any __________ that you were not there at 9 o'clock last night?

  A. statement               B. cause

  C. words                 D. proof

  42. The children looked up as the planes passed __________.

  A. overall                 B. overhead

  C. outward               D. forward

  43. Charles Dickens __________ many wonderful characters in his novels.

  A. invented               B. discovered

  C. uncovered             D. created

  44. Many young people find it harder to appreciate __________ music than pop music.

  A. simple                B. light

  C. ancient                 D. classical

  45. If the wounded soldier had been given first __________, he would not have died.

  A. help                   B. aid

  C. care                   D. attention

  Part III  Identification  (10%)

  Directions: Each of the following sentences has four underlined parts marked A, B, C and D. Identify the one that is not correct. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

  46. This morning I heard on the radio which the steel industry has

  A    B

  decided to give its employees a 10% raise in pay.

  C                  D

  47. . Not knowing the language and having no friends in the country,

  A                      B

  he found impossible to get a job.

  C            D

  48. Once giving a set of instructions, a computer can gather a wide ranger

  A     B                                     C

  of information for different purposes.

  D

  49. The old man will never forget the event, that has changed his life

  A                 B      C

  ever since.

  D

  50. Little children will listen what people say and try to imitate

  A     B               C

  what they hear.

  D

  51. We should start at once and not waste too much time to argue     about the procedure.

  A               B             C         D

  52. “Shall I give you a cheque for $10?” “I'd rather you give me  $10 in notes.”

  A                     B                  C            D

  53. After driving twenty miles, he suddenly realized that he has been

  A                          B           C

  driving in a wrong direction.

  D

  54. We will have to put off our departure in the case it rains.

  A        B               C       D

  55. The girl her father is a famous pianist learned to play the piano

  A      B               C          D

  when she was a small child.

  Part IV  Cioze  (10%)

  Directions: there are 20 blanks in the following passage, and for each blank there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D at the end of the passage. You should choose ONE answer that best fits into the passage. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

  In China it is relatively usual to ask people their age, but in the' West this question is generally regarded as impolite. This is particularly true   56   women, and even more   57   if the inquirer is a man.

  However, it is very  58  to ask children their age, and some adults may not mind  59 either. In fact, some elderly people are quite happy to  60  their age, especially ff they feel they look young  61  their age. Nevertheless, it is not very wise to ask a(n)  62  . question like “How old are you?”。 If elderly people want to talk about-their age, and perhaps receive a compliment on how young they look, they may easily 63 the topic themselves, and ask the other person to  64  how 01d they are.  65  such a question, it is quite acceptable to discuss age  66  . They normally expect to be complimented on their youthfulness, though rather than  67  that they look very old!

  68  Westerners do not usually ask people directly how old they are, this does not  69   that they are not interested to know how old other people are. They may ask someone else   70   the information,   71   they may try to   72   the topic indirectly. Sometimes discussions about educational  73   and the number of years of working experience may provide some   74   , but this is not always the   75   .

  56. A. on         B. for      C. in         D. of

  57. A. that        B. such        C. than       D. so

  58. A. average      B. normal    C. expected    D. unusual

  59. A. being asked  B. asking    C. to ask      D. to be asked

  60. A. release      B. reflect    C. reveal      D. remark

  61. A. to          B. with     C. for         D. at

  62. A. open       B. strange   C. impolite    D. direct

  63. A. bring about  B. bring up  C. bring along D. bring to

  64. A. guess      B. know     C. learn     D. predict

  65. A. For         B. With     C. In         D. On

  66. A. free         B. freedom   C. freely      D. in a free way

  67. A. being told B. told     C. to tell     D. to be told

  68. A. Though even B. Even     C. Even that   D. Even though

  69. A. include     B. intend     C. mean    D. conclude

  70. A. about       B. of       C. with       D. for

  71. A. rather than   B. or else    C. so else     D. still else

  72. A. approach    B. solve     C. address     D. take

  73. A. background  B. level    C. knowledge  D. experience

  74. A. knowledge   B. clues     C. evidence    D. suggestions

  75. A. truth        B. case     C. reality      D. fact

  Part V Translation  (20%)

  Section A

  Directions: In this part there are five sentences which you should translate into Chinese. These sentences are all taken from the 3 passages you have just read in the part of Reading Comprehension. You can refer back to the passages so as to identify their meanings in the context.

  76. Children do not have enough experience to realize that TV shows present an unreal world; that TV advertisements lie to sell products that are sometimes bad or useless.

  77. Used to TV shows, where everything is quick and interesting, they do not have the patience to read an article without pictures; to read a book that requires thinking; to listen to a teacher who doesn't do funny things like the people on children's programs.

  78. The scientists say that those gestures, movements and so on have meaning which words do not carry.

  79. The length of time that the person whom you are speaking to looks at your eyes indicates the mount of interest he has in the things you are talking about.

  80. The atmosphere is usually very friendly, and the teachers have now accepted the idea that the important thing is to make the children happy and interested.

  Section B

  Directions: In this part there are five sentences in Chinese. You should translate them into English. Be sure to write clearly.

  81. 他起得很早為的是趕上第一班公共汽車。

  82. 直到昨天晚上他才改變了他的主意。

  83. 同意這項建議的請舉手。

  84. 無論多忙,你都應該抽時間看望父母。

  85. 每次訪問他們都會發現這個城市呈現出新的面貌。

  北京地區成人本科學士學位英語統一考試答案(A)

  2006.4.22

  1-5  DBDBD   6-10  BBDAD  11-15 DDACB

  16-20 AC BA C  21-25 D D A C D

  26-30 B D A C D  31-35  C A D AC

  36-40 B A D D B  41-45 D B D D B

  46-50  B C A B A 51-55  CC CC A

  56-60 AABAA  61-65CDAAC

  66-70CDDCD  71-75DAABB

  76, 孩子們沒有足夠的經驗來判斷電視呈現的現實其實是不真實的;電視廣告為了賣產品而欺騙宣傳,這是很糟糕并且無益的。

  77, 孩子們適應了電視節目,在那里面,一切都是迅速和有趣的,他們沒有耐心讀沒有圖片的文章,也沒有耐心讀需要自己思考的圖書,也沒有耐心聆聽老師,因為老師不能像兒童節目里的人物一樣做一些滑稽的事情。

  78, 科學家們說,這些姿態、行為等,有著話語所不能承載的含義。

  79, 從和你說話的人凝視你的時間長短就可以判斷他對你們所討論事情的感興趣程度。

  80, 氣氛通常非常友好,老師們也接受了這個觀念,即重要的是讓學生們感到快樂和有興趣。

  81, He got up early so as to catch the first bus.

  82, It was not until yesterday that he changed his mind.

  83, Please raise your hands whoever agree on this suggestion.

  84,No matter howbusy you are, you should spend some time visiting your parents.

  85, Each time they visit this city, they can notice that it is taking on a new look.

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